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Number: 1001
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: South Africa, Natal, Clarkeburg, Kei River, Bashee River/Mandela homeland and birthplace.
Year of Origin: 1847
Title: Plan of the Eastern Frontier Cape of Good Hope and the adjacent country of the Kaffir Tribes included between the Great Fish and Kei Rivers.
Language: English
Publish Origin: Natal
Height: 50.5
Width: 80.6
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 506,880
Color Type: Full Color
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Cartographer: John Reid
Publisher: Sapper Troop
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude:
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Easternmost Longitude:
Notes: source Bernard Shapero; Manuscript map backed on linen, signed lower left 'Drawn by J. Reid', member of the "Sapper" troops. A list of 18 geographic points are written on the upper corner of the map. Meticulously drawn map showing forts, roads, settlements and elevation. The map encompasses the most eastern frontier in the original homeland of Mandela?s forefathers, then it extends westward from Clarksburg to Port Elizabeth, and to the north beyond the confluence of the Kei River with the Klipplaat River. . The map shows orientation to both magnetic and true north. The wok of Private John Reid, Royal Sappers and Miners, a Sapper draghtsman of remarkable comppetance , the map can be dated to shortly after the War of Axe of 1847. The territiry between the Keiskamma River and Kei Rivers is not yet called British Kaffraria (1848) and the port of East London (surveyed and founded by John Bailis, 1st Battalion, , Provisional Colonial Infantry, 1848) is not shown at the mouth of the Buffalo River. The map does, however, mark 'the Camp of the troops under Sir G. Berkeley, Commander of the Forces in the War of the Axe, April 1847' towards the mouth of the river. Fort Hare is shown a Block Drift. The fort was gbegun on the Xhosa side of the Keiskamma River from Block Drift in 1846, and completed after the war in 1847[Le Cordeur and Saunders, p. 16]. The first significant detachment of Sappers was sent to the Cape in 1834 after repeated requests from the commanding Royal Engineer, Lieutenant Colonel Robert Thompson. Their services were required for the building of forts, roads, bridges, etc. As part of their training at Chatham, those Sappers with an interest and aptitude for the subjects were given training in surveying and draughting techniques. Indeed the leading cartographers engaged in the mapping of South Africa's expanding regions from the 1840s , John Arrowsmith, James Wyld and fHenry Hall acknowledged the Royal Engineers' contribution of sketches and surveys on many of their maps, cf. Garson, Yvonnel 'Versatile Genius" The Royal Engineers and Their Maps and Manuscript maps and Plans of the Eastern Frontier 1822--1870, 1992' Le Cordeur, B. and Saunders C. 'War of the Axe, 1847; scale 8 miles to 1 inch; [Nelson Mandela's birthplace Mvezo is not identified on this map in the blank area of the far eastern region of this map on the Bashee River south of Clarkeburg.]
Last updated: Nov 1, 2015