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Number: 1388
Continent: Africa
Region: North
Place Names: Ceuta, Morocco, Isla de Annobon, Biafra, Isla de Corisco, Isla de Principe Isla de Santo Tome, St. Thomas, and Fernando Poo,
Year of Origin: 1850
Title: Posesiones de Africa
Sub-Title: Islas y Presidios Situados en la Costa Septentrional de Africa (Islands and Garrisons Situated on the Northern Coast of Africa) Islas del Golfo de Guinea en la Costa Occidental de Africa (Islands of the Gulf of Guinea on the Western Coast of Afria)
Language: Spanish
Publish Origin: Madrid
Height: 71.0
Width: 102.0
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Large
Scale: 1 : 20,000
Color Type: Outline Color
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Cartographer: D. Francisco Coello
D. Pascual Madoz
Engraver: D. Juan Noguera
Other Contributors: Bacot
E. Desbuissons
Northernmost Latitude: 36.0
Southernmost Latitude: 35.8
Westernmost Longitude: -5.4
Easternmost Longitude: -5.2
Measurement Notes: Original Prime Meridian of Madrid (the coordinates choosen here are for the Ceuta inset map in the left upper quadrant, estimated with modern Greenwich prime)
Notes: Glazer; laid on linen; the main focus are colonies of Ceuta and Fernado Poo with areas of interest in both North Africa and West Africa; from "Diccionario Geografico Estadistico Historico--Atlas de Espana y sus Posesiones de Ultramar" [the scale and coordinates taken on the main focus---Ceuta inset map]; The map is executed in great detail, with subtleties in topography clearly visible, as well as having a number of inset maps. Sea depths are marked, as well as the names of buildings in inset maps of towns. Coello and Madoz?s Diccionario Geografico Estadistico Historico was a collection of maps and data that formed an overseas atlas of Spain and its territorial possessions, the first such systematic and scientific work to be produced in Spain. Prior to the production of these maps, Spanish officials had to consult maps of Spain made by the French military. D. Francisco Coello (1822-1898) is considered the foremost Spanish mapmaker and cartographer of the 19th century and one of the pillars of the development of cartography in Spain. In countries like France, the systematic mapping of the nation according to scientific precepts had been undertaken in the 18th century, but Spain lagged behind. The information Coello compiled became the documentary basis for later projects undertaken by the Geographic and Statistical Institute. Coello was a career soldier, apprenticed to the military as a child of 11, and by age 14 was enrolled in the academy training military engineers. There he found his true vocation of geography. In 1841 he began collaborating with D. Pascual Madoz in the production of an atlas of Spain and its overseas possessions. By 1846 he had successfully applied to the military for permission to dedicate himself to cartographic projects, and traveled to Paris on several occasions to obtain data as needed. Meanwhile, he held important positions in the General Statistics Commission of Spain and published numerous maps and plans of nations and cities until he retired from the army in 1866. Coello?s work was esteemed by colleagues within and outside of Spain, and he was made a member of the Academy of History in 1874. The following year he helped establish the Geographic Society of Madrid and served as president in 1876. Reference: Gómez, Lourdes Roldán. ?Francisco Coello y La Cartografía Española del S. XIX.? Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. (5 August 2004).
Last updated: Oct 15, 2009