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Number: 1444
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names: Elmina,
Year of Origin: 1670 (estimated)
Title: Casteel del Mina
Sub-Title:
Language: Dutch
Publish Origin: Amsterdam
Height: 22.2
Width: 32.0
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale:
Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer: Olfert (Olivier) Dapper
Engraver:
Publisher:
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude:
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Notes: Griggs; slave trade site, from 'Naukeurige Beschrijvinge der Afrikaensche Gewesten van Egypten, Barbaryen, Lybien, Biledulgerid . Met lantkaerten en afbeeldingen . in kooper gesneden. Getrokken uyt verscheyde hedendaegse lantbeschrijvers en geschriften van bereisde ondersoekers dier landen'; copper engraved coastal view of slave trade fort; This finely engraved coastal view shows the first European fortress (Elmina Castle) built by the Portuguese on the Gold Coast of Africa. Fought by various European nations to control trade in gold, ivory and slaves, the forts were the site of continual conflict among both Europeans and competing African kingdoms trying to control this trade. The principal early struggle was between the Dutch and the Portuguese in 1637; This engraving is from the classic description of Africa, unsurpassed in detail, illustration, influence and popularity. The book covers every imaginable aspect of the entire continent as far as it was known at the time and the engravings cover topography, ethnology, zoology, botany and more. First published in Dutch in 1668, it was translated into German, English (published under the name of John Ogilby) and French. Although Dapper (1636-1689) never travelled himself, he read many languages and made use of not only a wide range of published works but also unpublished manuscript sources. As a result his book contained much valuable new material, but it also perpetuated many errors of earlier writers. Surely no book spoke more to the imagination of the seventeenth-century Europe concerning the exotic lands just being explored, and it did much to establish the Western view of Africa among both scholars and the general public. The account of the islands (including Malta) is usually regarded as a part of the main work, though it has a separate title-page, series of signatures and pagination. A work that gave many westerners their first detailed views of and information about Africa; (Asher)
Last updated: Sep 1, 2015