Map Details      Question or Comment about this Map?
 
Number: 1478
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: Cape of Good Hope, Cape Town, Natal
Year of Origin: 1783
Title: Mappa Geographica PROMONTORII BONAE SPEI Cum Belgarum nec non Hottentottm Stationibus quam wx propriis observationibus et Incolarum relatis A delineavit, A 1779 edidit Andrea Sparrman Med. Coct. Membr. Reg. Acad. Scient. Holm. Praefectus Musei ejusd Acad.
Sub-Title:
Language: Latin
Publish Origin: Stockholm
Height: 33.0
Width: 53.7
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 2,674,700
Color Type: No Color
Click for high-resolution zoomable image
Cartographer: Anders/Andreas Sparrman
Engraver:
Publisher: Anders/Andreas J. Nordstrom
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: -27.0
Southernmost Latitude: -35.0
Westernmost Longitude:
Easternmost Longitude:
Measurement Notes: Longitude is not available.
Notes: This map formed the basis for all later depictions including those of John Barrow, Francois LeVaillant, and hundreds more. There was a separately published original in 1779 in Sweden, and here from the 1st edition book #2169 dated 1783 authored by Anders Sparrman and published by Anders J. Nortstrom, book titled 'Resa till Goda Hopps-Udden, Sodra Pol-kretsen och Omkring Jordklotet, Samt till Hottentott och Caffer-Landen, aren "; and later published in English in 1785 and in 1786, this is the major eighteenth century account of South Africa and one of the earliest scientific descriptions of the country. Mendelssohn refers to it as the 'most trustworthy account of the Cape Colony and the various races of people then residing in it that had been published". Sparrman ), a Swedish naturalist and a former pupil of Linnaeus, went to South Africa with the Swedish East India Company. He was at Cape Town in 1772 where he joined Capt. James Cook while he landed there on the outward passage of his second voyage to the Pacific. Sparman was asked to accompany Dr. Johann R. Forster in the natural history work. The work includes accounts of his travels inland from the settlement at the Cape of Good Hope and as assistant naturalist to Johann Forster aboard Captain James Cook's Resolution from September 1772 to March 1775. The 1st English edition d,1785 was from the english translation titled "A Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope, towards the Antarctic Polar Circle and Round the World: But Chiefly into the Country of the Hottentots and Caffres, from the year 1772, to 1776 Translated from the Swedish original". [Mendelssohn, Vol. 4 p. 362 notes that the translator is usually given as Georg Forster, but there is some reason to believe that it was actually done by Charles Rivington Hopson]. The book narrative includes description of Sparrman's journeys and natural history excursions in South Africa, to Namaqualand and through the coastal districts of the Great Fish River. Included in the appendix is a vocabulary of the Hottentot language. A 'second volume', containing a narrative of Cook's second voyage, was issued in two parts many years later, in 1802 and 1818 [Du Rietz, in the Kroepelien Catalogue, argues that they should be considered as two separate works]. The author relates many incidents illustrating the hospitality of the Dutch farmers and their dense ignorance of matters outside their own country, and he makes allusions to the cruelty of the treatment of the slaves by the lower classes of the colonists. He frequently draws attention to the inaccuracies to be met with in [Peter] Kolbe[n]'s account of the Cape, [first published in 1719,] and throws considerable doubt on the veracity of many of his statements. Sparman is described by Theal as the 'most trustworthy account of the Cape Colony and the various races of people then residing in it' that had been published in the eightheenth century. Sparrman left the Resolution ship when it returned to Cape Town in March 1775. He resumed his naturalist studies in South Africa and also undertook ethnological research among the region's native Hottentot people. In 1778, Sparrman was back in Sweden, where he had been appointed president of the natural history collection of Stockholm's Academy of Sciences. Sparrman's account of Cook's voyage of helped popularize the newly devised Linnaen system of classification and nomenclature by applying it to the new varieties of plants and animals he had collected. It also includes some of the earliest ethnological studies of the native peoples of South Africa.
Last updated: Jul 11, 2017