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Number: 1565
Continent: Africa
Region: Continent
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1855
Title: AFRICA
Sub-Title: [inset] Liberia
Language: English
Publish Origin: New York
Height: 18.0
Width: 19.5
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 40,233,500
Color Type: Full Color
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Cartographer: Sidney Edward Morse
Engraver: Sidney Edward Morse
Publisher: Harper
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: 33.5
Southernmost Latitude: -32.5
Westernmost Longitude: -31.0
Easternmost Longitude: 60.0
Measurement Notes: Prime meridian Greenwich
Notes: Joppin; From Sidney E. Morse's: "System of Geography for the use of schools" , published by Harper and brothers, 329 Pearl Street, New York; map of Africa with accompanying questions and exerciser relating to the map. The map is an early example of cerography, or wax engraving. Sidney Morse and Samuel Breese invented cerography, which they began using in 1839. Morse tried to keep the process secret, but it became widely used in mapmaking, especially after Rand, McNally used wax engraving in 1872. Wax engraving remained an important map printing technique until the mid-twentieth century. Unlike engraving or lithography, which demanded the laborious drawing of a negative image, cerography allowed the image to be drawn directly as the positive image is drawn onto a wax-covered plate that is then used as a mold from which a master printing plate is cast by an electroplating process. Images could be easily cut into the soft wax layer using very little pressure.See Woodward, David, The All-American Map: Wax Engraving and Its Influence on Cartography (Chicago, 1977). (scale measured on scale-bar);
Last updated: Apr 16, 2012