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Number: 1574
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names: Gambia River,
Year of Origin: 1660 (estimated)
Title: Der untere Lauf und die Mundung des Gambia
Language: German
Publish Origin: Mitau
Height: 11.5
Width: 38.0
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Color Type: Full Color
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Publisher: J. F. Steffenhagen
Other Contributors: H. Diederichs
Duke Jacobs of Courland
Northernmost Latitude: 13.5
Southernmost Latitude: 13.0
Westernmost Longitude: -16.8
Easternmost Longitude: -16.2
Measurement Notes: taken from modern coordinates
Notes: Eigl; This map is a 1890 photo-lithograph copy of the original manuscript map c. 1660. This copy was made to accompany book # 2185 which gives a history of the region by H. Diederichs, "Herzog Jacobs von Kurland Kolonien an der Westküste von Afrika". Mitau, J. F. Steffenhagen und Sohn, 1890. The Duchy of Courland developed as a virtually independent Baltic state. Duke Jacob (1642-1682) actively fostered trade and industry and created a navy. He acquired two colonies: Tobago in the West Indies and settlements in Gambia on the west coast of Africa. In the 1650s Herzog (Duke) Jacob founded a colony at the Gambia river in order to promote trade between West Africa and Germany. 'In 1651 he bought the Island of St. Andreas, situated 10 sea miles from the mouth of the Gambia River, from the King of Cumbo or Combo. Moreover he bought the region called Gilffree or Gulferee (now Dschillifree) at the coast near the island as well as the Bayona territory situated left of the mouth of the Gambia and had several forts erected there. Later, he purchased another territory about 60 miles up the river, which gave him control of the Gambia, so that no ships could pass without his permission.'
Last updated: Mar 3, 2009