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Number: 1757
Continent: Africa
Region: North
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1564
Title: Sinvs Arabicvs
Sub-Title:
Language: Latin
Publish Origin: Basel
Height: 10.4
Width: 13.8
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Small
Scale:
Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer:
Engraver:
Publisher: Heinrich Petri
Other Contributors: Pomponius Mela
Northernmost Latitude:
Southernmost Latitude:
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Easternmost Longitude:
Notes: Burden; This map is from the German edition of Pomponius Mela's "De Situ Orbis".[original text c. AD 43] It was one of the classical texts on geography along with the more famous Ptolemy "Geografia". This edition by the publisher Heinrich Petri included a series of small maps of which this one is a trapazoidal Ptolemy form; Mela is unique among ancient geographers in that, after dividing the earth into five zones, of which two only were habitable, he asserts the existence of antichthones, inhabiting the southern temperate zone inaccessible to the folk of the northern temperate regions from the unbearable heat of the intervening torrid belt. [There are several early manuscript editions with T-O map forms, and There is an earlier, 1477 printed, edition of Mela's Cosmographia, sive de situ orbis, second printed edition, [Venice, Printer of Pomponius Mela, 1477 sold at Bloomsbury Auction 12-14-2012. The 1477 copy does not have a printed map, but preserves in its margins interesting annotations by an early owner well versed in geography. Amongst his annotations is a correction to the text and a manuscript circular world map which attemps to reconcile the T-O and zonal forms; it is drawn to accompany Mela's summary description of the earth and the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa. The important manuscript T-O map, although derived from the woodcut printed on the Isidoro di Siviglia (1472), is curiously oriented South-North. No similar maps with this orientation are present in the bibliographies; There is an edition POMPONIUS MELA [Venice, 1482] Pomponii Mellae Cosmographi Geographia: [Including: DIONYSIUS PERIEGETES, De Situ Orbis. Tr. Priscianus.], published ten years before the discovery of the New World. Mela is the only Latin geographical treatise to survive from antiquity and the 1482 edition contains the first (and only) map published in the incunable era to reflect voyages that took place during the Age of Discovery. It was the second woodcut map published in Italy and the earliest world map (other than a schematic T-O map) to appear in a geographical book rather than an atlas. As one of the earliest printed books to document the epoch-making progress of the Portuguese overseas empire, the work has long been regarded as a landmark text of the Discovery Period and is the first item in two of the most prestigious collections of Americana formed in the last century by Church and Streeter . The 1482 edition, the first in which this map appeared, was printed only three years after the 1479 Treaty of Alcacovas, in which Portugal secured the Guinea coast, the Azores, the Madeiras and Cape Verde Islands. Accordingly, the map modified the traditional Ptolemaic rendering of western Africa to depict for the first time on a printed map a more accurate, up-to-date coast that embodied Portuguese discoveries from the 1460s and 1470s. As Campbell observes, these discoveries also revealed a clear southeastern trend along the coast of West Africa, reflected for the first time in the present world map. No earlier printed map recognized this important step towards the rounding of the Cape of Good Hope in 1488, and no map in the incunable editions of Ptolemy reflected this knowledge. (Campbell). The maker of the 1482 map is unknown, but it has often been credited to the printer Ratdolt. The first five editions of the book beginning in 1471 all did not contain the map. The map was copied for an edition of Salamanca in 1498 as well as for Schedel,s Nuremberg Chronicle (1493).
Last updated: Mar 29, 2013