Map Details      Question or Comment about this Map?
Number: 1800
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1594 (estimated)
Title: Haec tabella Hydrografice oras maritimas Africae a promontorio dicto Capo de Cantin, Angolam usque, ob oculos ponit, cum situ insula: rum Hesperidum, vel Promotorii viridis, vulgo Del Capo Verde Habes et hic amice lector chorogra:phice depictam insulae Sanctae Helenae protum, quae resocillationi et adaquationi navium euntium in Indiam Orientalem ut plurimum inservit. Habes et hic Maurorum armaturam et mulierum ejus tractus vestitum cultiorem in pede tabellae delineatum.
Language: Latin
Publish Origin: Amsterdam
Height: 37.05
Width: 53.1
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 14,230,800
Color Type: Full Color
Click for high-resolution zoomable image
Cartographer: Petrus Plancius
Engraver: Johan Joannes Jan van Deutecum(Doetichum)
Publisher: Cornelius Claesz
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: 37.0
Southernmost Latitude: -10.0
Westernmost Longitude: -20.0
Easternmost Longitude: 15.0
Notes: Sotheby 5/09; double page copper engraved chart after Plancius, first cartographer of the Dutch East India Company. This second state was most likely published by Cornelis Claesz c. 1609; [scale measured on 10 degrees of latitude}; These are important rare early Dutch imprints. These maps belong to a rare series of separately published charts describing the coastlines of the world beyond Europe by Cornelis Claesz. "These maps form the basis of knowledge that was applied in Dutch navigation outside of European waters. Even so, that knowledge was soon improved and expanded making use of Dutch seafarers' own experiences and mapmaking efforts. Despite the fact that none of these maps published in the period 1592-94 bore the name of Plancius, they can still be ascribed to him with a fairly high degree of certainty. Suffice it to say that they were all engraved by the family of engravers Van Doetecum and published by Cornelis Claesz. These maps are the oldest printed Dutch charts of coasts outside of Europe that were available to Dutch seafarers at that time" (Schilder); Petrus Plancius (1552-1622) was born Pieter Platevoet in Dranouter in West Flanders. He trained as a clergyman in Germany and England, but he was an expert not only in theology but in geography, cosmography, and navigation. After fleeing prosecution by the Inquisition in Brussels, Plancius settled in Amsterdam where he first began his forays into navigation and charting. As Amsterdam was a hub for trade, Plancius was able to access Portuguese charts, the most advanced in the world at that time. Plancius used these charts to become an expert in the sailing routes to India, knowledge that gained him opportunity. Plancius was one of the founders of the VOC, for whom he worked as their geographer. He also served on a Government Committee to review the equipment needed for exploratory expeditions. There also was a southern half of Africa map and an east Asia spice island separate map, as Schilder notes three states of the Plancius maps: State 1: Published by Cornelis Claesz in Amsterdam 1592-94, with the engraver named as Ioannes Doetechum fecit; State 2: Published before 1609, with the engraver changed to Joannes van Doetecum; State 3: Published by Claes Janszoon Visscher in 1617, with the engravers name replaced by CIVisscher exudabat Ao. 1617; [Schindler/Ruderman]
Last updated: Jan 2, 2021