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Number: 1852
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: South Africa, Cape Colony,
Year of Origin: 1856
Title: Map of the Eastern Frontier of the Cape Colony, compiled by Henry Hall (Draughtsman to the Royal Engineers, Cape Town) From Military And Other Surveys, Dedicated by Permisssion to Lt. Gen.l Sir J. F. Burgoyne K.C.B.
Language: English
Publish Origin: London
Height: 95.0
Width: 90.9
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Large
Scale: 1 : 500,000
Color Type: Full Color
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Cartographer: Henry Hall
Publisher: Edward Stanford
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: -30.1
Southernmost Latitude: -34.17
Westernmost Longitude: 24.5
Easternmost Longitude: 29.5
Measurement Notes: on map
Notes: Shapero; scale measured on 1 degree of latitude; A striking map showing great detail of Cape Colony in South Africa, Compiled from local information only, this map of the colony not only surpassed its predecessors in scale and completeness, but also achieved a high degree of accuracy previously absent. The British took the Cape Colony from the Dutch during the Napoleonic Wars in 1806, and had their possession confirmed by the Anglo-Dutch Treaty in 1814. English settlers first arrived in 1820. The colony was volatile. The existing Dutch settlers were aggrieved by the abolition of slavery and the imposition of the English language and system of government; both English and Dutch settlers began to agitate for self-government; and the eastern frontier of the colony came under periodic attack from the Xhosa.Henry Hall was an Irish military surveyor, who settled in the Cape Colony in 1842. He worked on the Eastern Frontier for the Royal Engineers. The frontier zone was thus periodically surveyed and mapped by military engineers and Hall compiled his map from their information, complemented by his local knowledge, giving a list of surveyors and explorers of the region. David Livingstone became interested in South Africa after hearing Robert Moffat, a member of the London Missionary Society, speak at a meeting. He became a member of the LMS himself, and made his first journey to the continent in 1840. During his various missions, he became convinced that spreading Christian influence in Africa would encourage legitimate trade instead of slaving. Although the British had abolished slavery in 1833, it was still practised by Dutch settlers as well as Arab and Portuguese traders. Livingstone wanted to initiate an economic revolution in Africa, making it more profitable for the country to export goods than people.This map was produced in 1856, while Livingstone was making a two-year stay in London. Crouch has a particular copy of this map with an inscription on the publisher label showing that it was sent to Livingstone by the map surveyor Henry Hall, possibly because Livingstone had given him information on the area or because Hall knew Livingstone was planning to return to the continent. Livingstone was now an acknowledged expert on South Africa and a well-known explorer, after his discovery of the Victoria Falls and a trans-African expedition. Livingstone resigned from the London Missionary Society in 1857, feeling that his calling was commercial exploration rather than preaching. He was subsequently appointed Consul to the British government in South Africa, and headed the government-sponsored Zambezi Expedition the following year.
Last updated: Dec 13, 2016