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Number: 1988
Continent: Africa
Region: Continent
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1585
Title: Il disegno della Geographia moderna de tutta la parte' dell Africa i confini della quale stanno in questo modo. da ponente il mar oceano Computante l'isole. di capo Verde et le canarie da Tramontana il stretto de Gibelterra & il mare meditterraneo, da Siroco una linea che principia a feramida insino al Sues & Sues per il mare Rosso da levante il mare oceano includendo l'Isola di lorenzo insino al capo di Bona Speranza dall 'Ostro ile mare oceano, Graduata in longhezza & in largheszza. Claudio ducheto exc. Lanno 1579. Henricus honius Harlemensis sculpsit. Rome, 1579.
Language: Italian
Publish Origin: Rome
Height: 41.9
Width: 59.2
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 21,209,700
Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer: Claudio Duchetti
Engraver: Henricus Honius Harlemensis
Publisher: Pietro Petri de Nobili
Claudio Duchetti
Other Contributors: Antonio Lafreri
Paulo (Paola) Forlani
Giacomo Gastaldi
Giovanni Francesco Camocio
Northernmost Latitude:
Southernmost Latitude:
Westernmost Longitude:
Easternmost Longitude:
Notes: Joppen; Betz #19.2 second state of the Duchetti map published by Nobili [added at bottom of cartouch and lower right of map], after Duchetto's death in 1585; The first state of this map was published in 1579. Claudio Duchetti, a nephew of Antonio Lafreri working in Venice from c.1562-c.1572 and subsequently in Rome, taking over part of the Lafreri business after Antonio s death. The design comes from the Camocio/Forlani map of 1563, The map was based on the Gastaldi/Forlani/Lafreri map of 1562; Claudio Duchetti, a nephew of Antonio Lafreri who worked in Rome and Venice between 1554 and 1585, taking over part of the Lafreri business after Antonio's death.the quality of the engraving, by Henricus Honius of Haarlem, is apparent throughout the map, enhanced by the dark impression of this exampl; The engraver Honius is not the same person as the Hondius. [scale measured between equator and tropic of capricorn; dimensions measured from the inner most neat line]; Second state of Ducetti's two sheet map of Africa. Claudio Duchetti, who worked in Rome between 1554 and 1585, was born in France and his name was Claude Duchet; as a nephew of Antoine de Lafrery, he became a partial heir of his uncle?s typography. From a cartographic point of view, the map is an exact copy of the one published in Venice by Giovanni Francesco Camocio and Paolo Forlani, in 1563. As a habit of the time, the rivalry between the cartographic workshops of Rome and Venice brought the publishers to buy the plates of their competitors and pay an engraver to make a copy out of them, very close to the original but not exactly the same. Duchetti paid the engraver Haarlem Henricus Honius (often mistaken for Hondius); Honius, as Tooley mentioned in his dictionary of cartographers and engravers, is one of the most important members of the staff of Duchetti. The map of Africa differs from Camocio?s previous version in the new title and the cartouche, with its Dutch style. Moreover, the ships and sea monsters have been removed, while instead of Noah?s ark there is a compass rose. Richard Betz notes that this rare map has two states; when Duchetti died, the plate was bought by the workshop of Pietro de? Nobili, whose name appears on lower right and in the cartouche. De? Nobili?s map can be dated between 1585 and 1595. According to Betz, only one example of both the first and second state are nowadays mentioned in public collections, while Tooley (1966) listed 3 examples. Copper engraving on two sheets once joined together, with uncommon margins, minor repair on lower margin, perfectly executed......; Lafreri School of Mapmakers Antoine Lafr?y, better known as Antonio Lafreri (1512-77) was born in Besan?n. His earliest work in Rome dates to about 1544. From his workshop on the Via del Parione, he produced many important publications. In 1553, he founded a company with his mentor, Antonio Salamanca, which would operate until 1562. Thereafter, from 1562 to Lafreri's death in 1577, he conducted business under his own name. While Lafreri did create maps, he was primarily a dealer and publisher, rather than an artisan in his own right. He carried a vast stock of maps and prints made by other printers from both Rome and Venice. He became known for producing IATO (Italian-Assembled-To-Order) atlases, each unique composite atlases featuring a selection of fine Italian maps, made to the tastes of individual clients. Pre-dating Abraham Ortelius, these 'Lafreri Atlases' and their contents, represent the birth of the modern atlas. Owing to the popular acclaim of these atlases, while the term was never used during this period, the Italian maps from this era are today often said to be of the 'Lafreri School'. As noted by Ashley Baynton Williams: The reason that Lafreri's name is now used as an umbrella term for the school is because he issued a catalogue of his stock in 1572, entitled 'Indice Delle Tavole Moderne Di Geografia Della Maggior Parte Del Mondo ...'. This catalogue is very similar, both in title and contents, to bound collections of maps with an engraved title Tavole Moderne Di Geografia De La Maggior Parte Del Mondo Di Diversi Autori. Accordingly bound collections with the engraved title were attributed to Lafreri, and thence his name became associated with the group as a whole. Some writers have attributed the title to Duchetti, but there seems no good reason to challenge Lafreri's role. After the dissolution of the Lafreri workshop the plate went to Stefano Duchetti who listed the map as L Africa no 2 fol real in his joint catalog with Paolo Graziani. In 1586 it is recorded in the inventory of Pietro de Nobili who adds his signature Petri de Nobilibus Formis to the title cartouche and the lower right quadrant. Bifolco/Ronca describe 3 known copies of the first state. L6BS02.
Last updated: Dec 8, 2020