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Number: 203
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names: Cape Verde Islands
Year of Origin: 1892
Title: [Atlas Title] Roteiro de archipelago de Cabo Verde
Sub-Title:
Language: Portuguese
Publish Origin: Lisbon
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Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
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Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer: Christiano Jose de Senna BARCELLOS
Engraver:
Publisher: Typographia do Jornal
Other Contributors:
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Notes: Source Dasa Pahor and Alex Johnson; see BookID# 4342; 11 large folding lithographed maps interspersed throughout text, rebound in modern quarter cloth with yellow boards, inscribed to a ?Don Candido / 6-4-[18]92? and signed by the author in black pen to title, author?s carte de visite affixed to one of the preliminary leaves (Very Good, remarkably clean and bright, just a few minor spots and few very tiny tears to some maps). A fine example of the first edition of the first printed atlas of the Cape Verde Islands (Cabo Verde), the then Portuguese archipelago off the coast of West Africa, featuring 11 large, attractive, custom drafted maps, including one for each of the major islands, along with detailed textual descriptions, by Christiano Jos?de Senna Barcellos, a Portuguese naval officer and Cabo Verde-native who was a foremost authority on the geography and history of the islands ? inscribed and signed by the Author. T he Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) Islands are a volcanic archipelago located between 600 and 850 km off the cast of Senegal. Comprising 10 main islands, plus additional islets, their total land area amounts to 4,033 sq. km. Cabo Verde was uninhabited before Portuguese and Italian mariners discovered the chain around 1456. The Portuguese first settled the islands in 1462, making it the first European colony in the tropics. T he islands? economy thrived a key entrep? in the brutal slave trade, even as the islands themselves possess few natural resources. The majority of Cabe Verde?s population soon consisted of slaves imported from mainland Africa and, in time, their descendants created a rich and unique cabo-verdiano culture. Cabo Verde?s economy declined sharply in the early and mid-19th century due the collapse of the slave trade, while severe droughts caused much hardship and mass emigration. However, later in the century, Cape Verde, and the port of Mindelo, on the island of S? Vicente, in particular, prospered as a revictualling base for ships along Transatlantic shipping routes. Yet, while consisting of lands of great natural beauty, and magnificent food and music, life was rarely easy on the Cabo Verde. Popular discontent with the Portuguese regime boiled over in the 1960s into a struggle for self-determination. Cabo Verde gained its independence in 1975. T he present work was made by Lieutenant (later Captain) Christiano Jos?de Senna Barcellos, a brilliant Portuguese naval officer who was born and raised in Cabo Verde. Due to his many years conducting hydrographical and topographical surveys of the archipelago and Guin?(Guinea-Bissau), and exploring archival sources, he became a foremost authority on the geography and history of Portuguese West Africa. While reading the present work, which is the first printed atlas of Cape Verde, it is clear that Barcellos created it with a great deal of care and enthusiasm. Since, and up to, the present day it is held as one of the most important works of cabo-verdiana. T he work commences with a forward by Barcellos?s friend and mentor, Admiral Ant?io de Nascimento Pereira de Sampaio (1833-99), the incumbent President of the Lisbon Geographical Society and the former Governor of Capo Verde (1879-81). T hen, Barcellos follows with his ?Introduc?o?, which discusses the archipelago?s history and geography, accompanied by a general map of the islands. This is followed by 10 sections, one for each of Cabo Verde?s main islands, featuring a geographical description accompanied by a map. The text, while packed with data and facts, is engagingly written, and grants the reader a sophisticated knowledge of the archipelago. Each of the attractive, folding maps are lithographed after free-hand drawings by Barcellos, custom made for the work. They meticulously label all coastal features (headlands, coves, etc.), with the volcanic topography expressed by hachures, while all towns, villages, and many rural estates and roads (with distance markers) are noted. T he maps have the character of being based upon a true ?insider?s knowledge possessed only by a local cartographer. T he present example of the work is inscribed and signed by the author, to the title, while Barcellos?s carte de visite is affixed to a subsequent leaf. List of Maps (11 in total). 1. Archipelago de Cabo Verde. (45 x 32 cm). 2. Ilha de S. Thiago. (62 x 44.5 cm). 3. Ilha do Maio. (40.5 x 27.5 cm). 4. Ilha do Fogo. (39.5 x 51 cm). 5. Ilha Brava. (46 x 32 cm). 6. Ilha da Boa Vista. (42 x 50 cm). 7. Ilha do Sal. (46 x 31 cm). 8. Ilha de S. Nicolau. (41 x 60 cm). 9. Ilha de Santa Luzia. (33.5 x 40.5 cm). 10. Ilha de S. Vincente. (33.5 x 40.5 cm). 11. Ilha de Santo Ant?. (42 x 56 cm). While the Roteiro de Cabo Verde is not particularly rare institutionally, as there are many examples held by Portuguese public collections and around a dozen or so in libraries outside of Portugal, examples seldom appear on the market. It is worth noting that the present example is in a lovely, clean condition, which is unusual as the work is highly prone to foxing. Captain Cristiano de Sena Barcellos: Geographer and Historian of Cabo Verde Cristiano de Sena Barcellos (1854 - 1915) was a Cabo Verde-native and career naval officer who was one of the foremost authorities on the islands. He was born in Nova Sintra, on the island of Brava, the son of a civil servant, and grew up in Brava and in Mindelo, on the island of S? Vicente. He entered the Portuguese Navy in 1872, whereupon he was generally stationed in West Africa, conducting numerous hydrographic surveys and meteorological observations, establishing himself as one of Portugal?s foremost geographers. In 1888, Barcellos married advantageously to Ana Pereira de S?Nogueira, the daughter of Rear Admiral Rodrigo de S?Nogueira and the great-niece of the Marqu? de S?da Bandeira, the late legendary Portuguese prime minister, cartographer and scholar of African affairs. Barcellos saw rapid promotion in the navy, becoming captain-lieutenant in 1895, and post captain in 1904, while being decorated for distinguished combat service in Guin?(Guinea-Bissau). In 1897, he was appointed as the Commander of Naval forces in Cabo Verde, a post that allowed his to double down on his historical and geographical research on West Africa. In addition to the present work, Barcellos authored several other works on Cabo Verde and Guin?that are still today considered seminal sources, including Alguns apontamentos sobre as fomes em Cabo Verde: desde 1719 a 1904 (Lisbon, 1904) and Subs?ios para a hist?ia de Cabo Verde e Guin? mem?ia apresentada ?Academia Real das Sciencias de Lisboa (7 vols., Lisbon, 1899-1915). References: Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal: C.Rot. 81 P.; Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin: Port-K os 70 [8]?; Harvard University Library: PORT 3597. 10; Brown University Library: DT671.C2 S45; Stanford University Library: DT671 .C2 B24.; University of California-Los Angeles: SRLF DT671.C2 S478; OCLC: 223166561.
Last updated: Jun 24, 2022