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Number: 272
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: Cape Town,
Year of Origin: 1787
Title: Carte Geographique DU CAP DE BONNE ESPERANCE. contenant les Noms et la Position des lieux habites tant par les Colons Hollandois que par les Hottentots; Tracee par l'Auteur d'apres ses propres Observations, Et sur le rapport des habitans pendant les Annees . Publiee en 1779 Par Andre Sparman Doct. Med. Membre de l'Academie Royale des Sciences de Stockolm. President du Musee de la meme Academie.
Sub-Title:
Language: French
Publish Origin: Stockholm
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Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
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Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer: Anders/Andreas Sparrman
Engraver:
Publisher: Francois Buisson
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Notes: coss; This is the first French edition of 1787, derived from the original Swedish "Mappa Geographica Promontorii Bonae Spei" originally published separately in 1779, and in the original book of 1783 authored by Anders Sparrman and published by Anders J. Nortstrom, titled 'Resa Till Goda Hopps-Udden, Sodra Pol-kretsen Och Omkring Jordklotet, Samt till Hottentott och Caffer-Landen, aren "; this is the major eighteenth century account of South Africa and one of the earliest scientific descriptions of the country. Mendelssohn refers to it as the 'most trustworthy account of the Cape Colony and the various races of people then residing in it that had been published". Sparrman ), a Swedish naturalist and a former pupil of Linnaeus, went to South Africa with the Swedish East India Company. He was at Cape Town in 1772 where he joined Capt. James Cook while he landed there on the outward passage of his second voyage to the Pacific. Sparman was asked to accompany Dr. Johann R. Forster in the natural history work. The work includes accounts of his travels inland from the settlement at the Cape of Good Hope and as assistant naturalist to Johann Forster aboard Captain James Cook's Resolution from September 1772 to March 1775. The 1st English edition d,1785 was from the english translation titled "A Voyage to the Cape of Good Hope, towards the Antarctic Polar Circle and Round the World: But Chiefly into the Country of the Hottentots and Caffres, from the year 1772, to 1776 Translated from the Swedish original". [Mendelssohn, Vol. 4 p. 362 notes that the translator is usually given as Georg Forster, but there is some reason to believe that it was actually done by Charles Rivington Hopson]. The book narrative includes description of Sparrman's journeys and natural history excursions in South Africa, to Namaqualand and through the coastal districts of the Great Fish River. Included in the appendix is a vocabulary of the Hottentot language. A 'second volume', containing a narrative of Cook's second voyage, was issued in two parts many years later, in 1802 and 1818 [Du Rietz, in the Kroepelien Catalogue, argues that they should be considered as two separate works]. The author relates many incidents illustrating the hospitality of the Dutch farmers and their dense ignorance of matters outside their own country, and he makes allusions to the cruelty of the treatment of the slaves by the lower classes of the colonists. He frequently draws attention to the inaccuracies to be met with in [Peter] Kolbe[n]'s account of the Cape, [first published in 1719,] and throws considerable doubt on the veracity of many of his statements. Sparman is described by Theal as the 'most trustworthy account of the Cape Colony and the various races of people then residing in it' that had been published in the eightheenth century. Sparrman left the Resolution ship when it returned to Cape Town in March 1775. He resumed his naturalist studies in South Africa and also undertook ethnological research among the region's native Hottentot people. In 1778, Sparrman was back in Sweden, where he had been appointed president of the natural history collection of Stockholm's Academy of Sciences. Sparrman's account of Cook's voyage of helped popularize the newly devised Linnaen system of classification and nomenclature by applying it to the new varieties of plants and animals he had collected. It also includes some of the earliest ethnological studies of the native peoples of South Africa.
Last updated: Jun 6, 2008