Map Details      Question or Comment about this Map?
Number: 275
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: South Africa
Year of Origin: 1800
Title: To His Excellency the Right Honorable the Earl of Macartney This Gereral Chart of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, Constructed from bearings, estimation of distances & frequent observations for Latitudes in travelling thro' the Country in the Years 1797 & 1798. Is Humbly Inscribed, by his obedient & faithful Servant John Barrow
Language: English
Publish Origin: London
Height: 44.0
Width: 67.0
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 1,609,000
Color Type: Full Color
Click for high-resolution zoomable image
Cartographer: John Barrow
Engraver: Samuel Neele, Sr.
Publisher: Cadell & Davies
William Davies
Thomas Cadell
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: -29.1
Southernmost Latitude: -35.42
Westernmost Longitude: 17.1
Easternmost Longitude: 28.92
Measurement Notes: Prime meridian Greenwich
Notes: orssich; framed storage location;Derived from Sparrman map; see book # 158; Barrow accompanied Lord Macartney, as private secretary, on his mission to the Cape of Good Hope in 1797, being promoted to auditor general in 1798. "Macartney at once sent him on a double mission, viz. to reconcile the Kaffirs and Boers, and to obtain more accurate topographical knowledge of the colony, there being then no map which embraced one-tenth of it. In pursuit of these objects he traversed every part of the colony, and visited the several countries of the Kaffirs, Hottentots, and the Bosjesmen, performing ?a journey exceeding one thousand miles on horseback, on foot, and very rarely in a covered wagon, and full half the distance as a pedestrian, and never except for a few nights sleeping under a roof?. He owed his appointment [as second secretary of the Admiralty] mainly to the ability he had shown at the Cape and in his history of the colony, with its unrivalled map" (DNB). Barrow was elected to the Royal Society in 1805, and was one of the founders of the Royal Geographical Society. His accounts "established new standards for travel writing" and through his friendship with John Murray he "secured the publication of a succession of travellers' accounts which generated the great public interest in exploration." Sir John Barrow, 1st Baronet, FRS , FRGS , LL.D was an English statesman who, through the interest of Sir George Leonard Staunton, to whose son he taught mathematics, was attached on the first British embassy to China from 1792-94 as comptroller of the household to Lord Macartney. He soon acquired a good knowledge of the Chinese language, on which he subsequently contributed interesting articles to the Quarterly Review; and the account of the embassy published by Sir George Staunton records many of Barrow's valuable contributions to literature and science connected with China. Although Barrow ceased to be officially connected with Chinese affairs after the return of the embassy in 1794, he always took much interest in them, and on critical occasions was frequently consulted by the British government. In 1797 he accompanied Lord Macartney, as private secretary, in his important and delicate mission to settle the government of the newly acquired colony of the Cape of Good Hope. Barrow was entrusted with the task of reconciling the Boers and "Kaffirs" and of reporting on the country in the interior. On his return from his journey, in the course of which he visited all parts of the colony, he was appointed auditor-general of public accounts. He decided to settle in South Africa, married Anne Maria Tr?ter, and in 1800 bought a house in Cape Town. But the surrender of the colony at the peace of Amiens (1802) upset this plan. His writings on his travels and studies in southern Africa are the subject matter of the book here offered. And it is one of the great early works on South Africa. He returned to England in 1804, was appointed Second Secretary to the Admiralty by Viscount Melville, a post which he held for nearly forty years. He enjoyed the esteem and confidence of all the eleven chief lords who successively presided at the Admiralty board during that period, and more especially of King William IV while lord high admiral, who honoured him with tokens of his personal regard. In his position at the Admiralty, Barrow was a great promoter of Arctic voyages of discovery, including those of John Ross, William Edward Parry, James Clark Ross, and John Franklin. Point Barrow in Alaska is named for him. He is reputed to have been the initial proposer of St Helena as the new place of exile for Napoleon Bonaparte following the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. Barrow was a fellow of the Royal Society, and in 1821 received the degree of LL.D from the University of Edinburgh. A baronetcy was conferred on him by Sir Robert Peel in 1835. He retired from public life in 1845;
Last updated: Oct 13, 2015