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Number: 2794
Continent: Africa
Region: East
Place Names: Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Darfur,
Year of Origin: 1848
Language: Russian
Publish Origin:
Height: 44.8
Width: 61.3
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 3,827,590
Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer: Yegor (Igor-Egor) Petrovich Kovalesky - Kovalevsky
Engraver: J. Boitouzel
Publisher: Paul Pelit
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: 15.7
Southernmost Latitude: 0.0
Westernmost Longitude: 24.8
Easternmost Longitude: 46.0
Measurement Notes: Greenwich coordinates
Notes: Wayfarer Waschke;source Russian book #3382 "Puteshestvie vo Vnutrenniuiu Afriku " [Travels to Inner Africa]; Source: Eric Waschke; Pertains to both North Africa and East Africa; Topics of travel, geography, geology, mineralogy, gold mining; Typ. of Eduard Pratz, 1849. First edition. Octavo. 2 vols. [6], 162, [2]; [4], 197, [2] pp. With two woodcut frontispieces, large folding lithographed map, folding table, woodcut vignettes on the title pages of both volumes and 13 woodcut illustrations in text (including two full-page). Period Russian black quarter sheep bindings with green marbled paper boards and decorative gilt tooled ornaments and titles on the spines. Vol. 2 slightly cut and rebacked to match the style, both volumes with new endpapers. Old owners? and library stamps and ink notes on the title pages, text with mild foxing, but overall a very good set. Very Rare Russian imprint with no copies of this first edition found in Worldcat and only one copy of the second edition (SPb., 1872, vol. 5 of Kovalevsky?s ?Collected works?) in the library of Harvard University. First edition of the account of the first Russian expedition to Africa, undertaken in 1847-48 under command of Yegor Kovalevsky, a Russian geologist and diplomat of considerable renown. Kovalevsky had served as a mining engineer at the gold extracting factories in the Ural and Altai mountains in 1830-1837, headed the gold prospecting expedition to Montenegro in 1837, took part in the military expedition of count Perovsky to Khiva in 1839, and widely travelled across Central Asia and Europe (Afghanistan, Kashmir, the Balkans, the Carpathians) in the early 1840s. In 1846 Kovalevsky accompanied to the Ural mines a group of Egyptian engineers who were sent by the Egyptian Khedive Muhammad Ali pasha to study gold mining, and in 1847 after a special invitation by the pasha he headed a Russian expedition to Egypt undertaken in order to explore for gold deposits in the Fazogli district of the south-eastern Sudan. The expedition party included botanist Leo Tsenkovsky, two mining specialists from the Urals, Egyptian translator and a small military convoy. The party went up the Nile from Alexandria to Cairo, Berber, Khartoum, and from there up the Blue Nile to Sennar, Roseires and Kassan village on the Tumat River, a Blue Nile tributary. Kovalevsky explored the sources of the Tumat River in the mountains of the Fazogli district, discovered several gold deposits and established a gold processing station in Kassan. He was the first European traveller in the area and called it a ?Nikolaevskaya land? after Tsar Nicholas I; the dry bed of the river along which he went he named ?Nevka,? after a Neva tributary in Saint Petersburg. ?This name will be an indication of the places which have been reached by a European traveller and to which nation he belonged to.? Having based on the results of his survey, Kovalevsky became one of the first geographers to oppose the theory of the Mountains of the Moon being the source of the White Nile, the statement which was proven in the late 1850s by Speke and Burton. Kovalevsky returned to Alexandria via the Nubian desert and Dongola. His account contains a detailed description of the expedition, the area between the Blue and the White Nile and its native inhabitants, portraits of the Egyptian Khedives Muhammad Ali and Ibrahim Pasha, based on Kovalevsky?s personal meetings with them, et al. The supplement contains Kovalevsky?s original essay ?The geology of the Nile basin and gold deposits of the Eastern Africa.? The book is illustrated with a large detailed map of Eastern Sudan and Abyssinia, which marks the newly discovered gold deposits in the ?Nikolayevskaya land,? the Nevka River, the lands of ?the Galla blacks? to the east, an ?Elevated plain covered with bush and being a pasture for elephants? to the west, territory of ?supposed antropophags? in the Mountains of the Moon, caravan routes and the track of Kovalevsky?s expedition et al. According to the printed note on the map, the area around Sennar was mapped on the basis of Kovalevsky?s original survey. The folding table at rear of the second volume registers numerous barometrical and temperature observations taken during the expedition. The book is illustrated with seventeen attractive woodcuts (including frontispieces and title page vignettes) executed by the best Russian engravers of the time (baron Konstantin Klodt, Yevstafy Bernardsky) after original drawings by Vasily Timm and Alexander Dorogov. Kovalevsky became a member of the Russian Geographical Society in 1847, travelled to China in 1849 and took active part in the signing of the Russian-Chinese Treaty of Kulja (1851) and the Treaty of Aigun (1858), was the director of the Asiatic department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1856-1861, and an honorary member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences since 1857.
Last updated: Aug 28, 2015