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Number: 2808
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: Cape Town, Capetown, South Africa
Year of Origin: 1726
Title: [Untitled Cape Town]
Language: Dutch
Publish Origin: Amsterdam
Height: 26.6
Width: 35.1
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Color Type: No Color
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Publisher: Francois Valentyn - Valentijn
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: -33.85
Southernmost Latitude: -34.0
Westernmost Longitude: 18.4
Easternmost Longitude: 18.5
Measurement Notes: modern estimates
Notes: Joppin; View and Plan of Cape of Good Hope with the Dutch settlements. A lettered key in lower right corner. Fran?is Valentijn (1666-1727), a missionary, worked at Amboina from 1684 to 1694 and 1705 to 1713 and traveled extensively in the VOC's lands. He is best known for his monumental history and description, "Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indi?" which remains one of the most important primary sources for the East Indies and neighboring lands; This remarkable engraving is from Francois Valentijn's "Oud en Nieuw Oost Indien" The work was published in Amsterdam between 1724 and 1726. The work described the history of the Dutch East India Company and the countries of the Far East including Australia, Ceylon, India, China, and Japan. --- Francois Valentijn (1666-1777) was a Dutch minister and naturalist. He was employed as a minister of the East Indies at 19, and befriended another naturalist Georg Eberhard Rumpf (Rumphius). He also served as an army champlain on an expedition in easter Java. He then returned to Holland and completed this work. --- The work is still considered was "the most comprehensive work on Asia published in Europe during the early colonial period" (Landwehr). "The first book to give a comprehensive account in text and illustration, of the peoples, places, and natural history of Indonesia" (Bastin & Brommer). --- "Oud en Nieuw Oost Indien" featured numerous illustrations of flora, fauna, native life, exploration, and important maps and charts. Some of the best Dutch artists of the period contributed to the work including F. Ottens, J.C. Philips, J. Goeree, G. Schoute and J. Lamsvelt and M. Balen. The shells and sea life were based on Georg Eberhard Rumpf's work. Valentijn's more fanciful fish illustrations owe to the influence of Louis Renard. --- The Dutch East India Company (or V.O.C. - Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) guarded their maps and geographic information during most of their dominance in the spice trade. They usually prohibited any former employees from publishing anything about the region, thus it is very fortunate Valentijn's work was published at all, and that it gave us such a detailed account of this period in time.
Last updated: Feb 9, 2021