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Number: 2946
Continent: Africa
Region: Continent
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1508
Title: Itinerarium Portugallensium e Lusitania in Indiam et inde occidentem et demum ad aquilonem.
Language: Latin
Publish Origin: Milan
Size Class.: Medium
Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer: Antonio Fracanzano da Montalboddo
Publisher: J. A. Scinzenzeler
Other Contributors:
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Notes: [Betz #1.1, 1.2 ; The image here in our database is a facsimile of the first printed map to show the whole continent in an accurate circumnavigated form including a more accurate position of the Cape of Good Hope and more accurate positions of East Africa in relation to the Arabian peninsula, from the very rare original book which is NOT in Afriterra Collection, pending continued search and acquisition funding; The actual original book and map are held in the University of Illinois, Champaign] . [Milan, J. A. Scinzenzeler], 1508. (25,19.5 cm). Titlepage with woodcut map (the second issue, which has Arabicus replacing 1st state P[er]sicus engraved in Red-Sea). First Latin edition of the most important and earliest printed collection of voyages and discoveries. (PMM). Also the only edition of this collection of travel reports to include the map showing Africa, Arabia and part of Europe, illustrating for the first time the new discoveries in the eastern hemisphere. This map, not included in the original 1507 Italian edition or any subsequent edition, is the earliest to show Africa completely surrounded by seas and, as one of the first non-Ptolemaic maps to include Arabia, definitely the earliest printed map to show Mecca. Published in 1508, it raises a controversy still with us more than 500 years later: it labels the Red Sea and the Gulf as a single body of water and calls it the Gulf, but in the first state of the block it was called the Persian Gulf (Sinus Persicus). For reasons unknown, the editor revised the block with a patch to rename it the Arabian Gulf (Sinus Arabicus). The map therefore exists in two different states in copies of this edition. *This map also shows the earliest accurate depiction of separate sources and mouths of the West African rivers Senegal, Gambia, and especially the Niger river which course was not noticed or understood for 300 years, until separation was documents in the 1700's and the Niger source and mouth were delineated in the 1800s
Last updated: Aug 7, 2018