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Number: 2946
Continent: Africa
Region: Continent
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1508
Title: Itinerarium Portugallensium e Lusitania in Indiam et inde occidentem et demum ad aquilonem.
Sub-Title:
Language: Latin
Publish Origin: Milan
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Size Class.: Medium
Scale:
Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer: Antonio Fracanzano da Montalboddo
Engraver:
Publisher: Johannes Antonius Scinzenzeler
Other Contributors: Archangelo Madrignano
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Notes: [Betz #1.1, 1.2 ; The image here in our database is a facsimile of the first printed map to show the whole continent in an accurate circumnavigated form including a more accurate position of the Cape of Good Hope and more accurate positions of East Africa in relation to the Arabian peninsula, from the very rare original book which is NOT in Afriterra Collection, pending continued search and acquisition funding; The map appeared first in the 1508 Latin edition book "Itinerariu[m] Portugalle[n]siu[m] e Lusitania in India[m] [et] inde in occidentem [et] demum ad aquilonem". The actual original book and map are held in the University of Illinois, Champaign] . [Milan, J. A. Scinzenzeler], 1508. (25,19.5 cm). Titlepage with woodcut map (the second issue, which has Arabicus replacing 1st state P[er]sicus engraved in Red-Sea). First Latin edition of the most important and earliest printed collection of voyages and discoveries. (PMM). Also the only edition of this collection of travel reports to include the map showing Africa, Arabia and part of Europe, illustrating for the first time the new discoveries in the eastern hemisphere. This map, not included in the original 1507 Italian edition or any subsequent edition, is the earliest to show Africa completely surrounded by seas and, as one of the first non-Ptolemaic maps to include Arabia, definitely the earliest printed map to show Mecca. Published in 1508, it raises a controversy still with us more than 500 years later: it labels the Red Sea and the Gulf as a single body of water and calls it the Gulf, but in the first state of the block it was called the Persian Gulf (Sinus Persicus). For reasons unknown, the editor revised the block with a patch to rename it the Arabian Gulf (Sinus Arabicus). The map therefore exists in two different states in copies of this edition. *This map also shows the earliest accurate depiction of separate sources and mouths of the West African rivers Senegal, Gambia, and especially the Niger river which course was not noticed or understood for 300 years, until separation was documents in the 1700's and the Niger source and mouth were delineated in the 1800s The first Latin edition of the book with the map was Translated from Italian into Latin by Archangelo Madrignano; First printed in Italian in Vicenza in 1507 as Paesi novamente retrovati, the work was translated into Latin by the Milanese monk, Archangelo Madrignano, and printed the following year. In addition to the accounts of the exploration in the Americas, it contains important accounts of voyages in the Eastern Hemisphere. The book was published in the 16th-century in several editions, and was "the most important vehicle for the dissemination throughout Renaissance Europe of the news of the great discoveries both in the east and the west" (PMM). The most important voyages are: The first three voyages of Columbus, 1492-1500, the third voyage of Vespucci, 1501-1502 (to Brasil), Pedro Alvares Cabral's discovery of the Brasilian, Guianaian and Venezuelan coasts in 1500-1501, Alvise da Cadamosto's explorations along the West African coast in 1456, which appears here for the first time, Vasco da Gama's explorations of Africa and India in 1497-99 which "opened the way for the maritime invasion of the east by Europe" (PMM), and many others. THE FIRST LARGE MAP OF AFRICA IS THE EARLIEST KNOWN MAP IN WHICH THAT CONTINENT IS REPRESENTED AS SURROUNDED BY THE OCEAN. Alden & Landis 508/4; Brunet III:474; Borba de Moraes I:580; Church 27; Fumagalli 985; Harrisse 58; Hattendorf "The Boundless Deep..." p.111; Sabin 50058 ("This book is of excessive rarity"); Streeter Americana Beginnings 3. See PMM 42 (1507 edition).
Last updated: Oct 24, 2019