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Number: 3081
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: South Africa, Transvaal, Pretoria
Year of Origin: 1881
Title: Map of the New Transvaal State. Showing The Boundaries Under The Convention Signed At Pretoria, on the 3rd August, 1881
Sub-Title: [upper margin] Published as a Suppliment to the "CAPE TIMES" Tuesday 9th, August, 1881
Language: English
Publish Origin: Pretoria
Height: 47.8
Width: 50.0
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale:
Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer:
Engraver:
Publisher: Saul Solomon
Cape Times
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: -21.7
Southernmost Latitude: -29.8
Westernmost Longitude: 23.0
Easternmost Longitude: 32.0
Measurement Notes: on map
Notes: The Earliest Printed Map Showing The Transvaal State after the Pretoria Convention of 1881 Rare map of the Transvaal State, published as a supplement to the "Cape Times," on Tuesday, August 9, 1881. The present map is almost certainly the earliest printed map showing the New Transvaal state, having been published 1 day after the signing of the peace treaty. The map illustrates the Old and New Boundaries of the Transvaal State, before and after the 1881 Convention. A number of towns, roads, rivers, mining and mineral regions, mountains, tribal regions, etc. The Pretoria Convention was the peace treaty that ended the First Boer War (December 16, 1880 to March 23, 1881) between the Transvaal Boers and the United Kingdom. The treaty was signed in Pretoria on August 3, 1881, but was subject to ratification by the Volksraad within 3 months from the date of signature. The Volksraadfirst raised objections to a number of the clauses of the treaty, but did eventually ratify the version signed in Pretoria, after Britain refused any further concessions or changes to the treaty. Under this agreement, the South African Republic regained self-government under nominal British suzerainty. This Convention was superseded in 1884 by the London Convention. The Boundaries of the Transvaal State were defined by Article 1 of the Convention. Article 19 provided that a Royal Commission would be established to marke the boundary line and make arrangements with the farm owners and the Barolong tribe regarding the water rights. The text of Article 19 is set forth below: Article 19. The Government of the Transvaal State will strictly adhere to the boundaries defined in the First Article of this Convention, and will do its utmost to prevent any of its inhabitants from making any encroachment upon lands beyond the said State. The Royal Commission will forthwith appoint a person who will beacon off the boundary line between Ramatlabama and the point where such line first touches Griqualand West boundary, midway between the Vaal and Hart Rivers ; the person so appointed will be instructed to make an arrangement between the owners of the farms Grootfontein and Valleifontein on the one hand, and the Barolong authorities on the other, by which a fair share of the water supply of the said farms shall be allowed to flow undisturbed to the said Barolongs. The map is extremely rare. OCLC locates only a single example known in 2016 (National Library of Scotland). Condition Description: Several minor folds splits, expertly repaired on the verso and several edge tears;Rudermann; Saul Solomon (1817 - 1892) was one of the most influential and controversial figures in 19th Century South Africa. He was born on the island of St. Helena, the nephew of Saul Solomon (1776 - 1852), a Jewish castaway who made an enormous fortune provisioning ships, such that he was popularly known as the ?Merchant King of St. Helena?. Saul Sr. also founded the first printing press on the island in 1806. Despite his uncle?s wealth, Saul Jr. was sent as child to live in a rather decrepit boarding school in London, where he suffered malnutrition, acquiring lifelong health problems. However, he did gain from his uncle a love for the press as well as a keen business acumen. Saul Jr. moved to Cape Town as young man and apprenticed as printer. After a while he was able to borrow money to start his own publishing house, which quickly grew to be the largest and most successful in all Southern Africa. He was also one of the principal founding investors in the Old Mutual Limited (established 1845), which soon became, and remains to this day one of Africa?s largest insurance firms. By his late twenties, Solomon became one of Cape Town?s most important citizens, and while personally secular, he financed the creation of the city?s first synagogue in 1849. Solomon was elected as the member for Cape Town of the newly established colonial parliament in 1854, an office he would hold for the next 29 years. A champion of the Cape being granted responsible government, it was largely due to his efforts that this was achieved in 1872. Solomon was an unapologetic and uncompromising liberal. He advocated complete racial and religious equality; it is indeed regretful that his views on these issues did not prevail, for if they did, South Africa?s story would have been far happier. While given the opportunity to serve as the Cape?s Premier, and invited to join the Cabinet on many occasions, he turned down all high offices son that he would never have to compromise his liberal views; he always voted his conscience. In 1857, Solomon founded The Argus newspaper, which became the colony?s leading liberal organ, and is still one of the most popular papers in the Cape to this day. The paper was a powerful tool as Solomon fought all forms of discriminatory laws, as well as Lord Carnarvon?s illconceived 1874 scheme to unite South Africa into a Confederation. Even as Solomon was heavily preoccupied by politics, he managed to grow his publishing firm into a behemoth. In 1878, during the period when the present map was issued, the Solomon firm had over 200 employees, 8 manual presses and 10 steam-powered presses. Its output comprised a large percentage of all the Cape?s official and commercial publications. Ill-health compelled Solomon to retire in the 1883; however, his commercial and social legacy long outlived him. [Pahor]
Last updated: Jun 11, 2019