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Number: 3478
Continent: Africa
Region: Continent
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Year of Origin: 1892
Title: Cartes d'Afrique. Regions septentrionale - occidentale - centrale - orientale - Equatoriale - australe - Iles.
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Language: French
Publish Origin: Paris
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Scale: 1 : 2,000,000
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Cartographer: Richard de Regnauld De Lannoy de Bissy (French Army)
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Publisher: Service Geographique (de l'Armee, Librairie Militaire de L. Baudoin)
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Notes: Source: LIBRAIRIE HERODOTE JEAN-LOUIS CECCARINI, Dominique Olivier (Paris,)] Atlas, Geographical Service of the Army, Librairie Militaire of L. Baudoin, 1892. Hardcover. Condition: Very good. First edition. folio (34 x 51 cm); 62 cards color inset map double overlays [1-62] plus 1 bis [42 bis] and a very large general map coul. inset map draped in an in-fine wallet, dark green half-sorrow with corners, back to nerves, gold title, gold nets, bit nets, rel. leg. post., beautiful rare copy. Very interesting and important atlas drawn and drawn by the author then head of the Engineering Battalion. Numerous information and details inform us about the regions crossed (relief, climate, routes of the old missions, names of the explorers, number of days of road, wells, tribes, etc.). Released from the Zincographic Printing Service of the Geographical Service of the Armed Forces, this atlas remains a precious historical document on the history of African explorations; Richard de Regnauld de Lannoy de Bissy (1844 ? 1906) was a French soldier and geographer, a veteran of campaigns in Algeria, who developed a particular fascination for Africa. In 1874, Lannoy de Bissy, in conjunction with the French Service geographique de l'armee, decided to create the largest and most detailed map of Africa ever produced, envisaged to be at a scale of 1:2,000,000 (1 cm = 20 km), comprising 63 sheets, which, if joined, would measure 4.2 x 4 metres! Importantly, this time period marked the lead-up to the 'Scramble for Africa', an all-out rush by European powers to acquire pieces of the continent, which was recently revealed to possess vast mineral wealth. Moreover, much of Africa's interior had yet to be explored, let along properly mapped. As groundbreaking information from new exploring expeditions into the interior of Africa were continually arriving in Europe, Lannoy de Bissy went to great efforts in order to obtain the most up-to-date geographic intelligence from various governments, scientific societies and the explorers themselves. The first sheets of Lannoy de Bissy's Carte de l'Afrique ?l'?helle de 1:2 000 000 were printed in 1880, with others to follow, until the first edition of the entire map was completed by 1888. It was exhibited at the 1889 Paris World's Fair, where it won great acclaim. Subsequently, as new information continued to arrive, the map sheets were reissued in updated editions, Lannoy de Bissy's Carte de l'Afrique was by the far the grandest general map of Africa available during this critical period; References: Cf. Olivier Loiseaux, ?La carte d?Afrique ?1:2 000 000 de R?nauld de Lannoy de Bissy?, in Revue du Comit?fran?is de cartographie, no. 180, (June 2004), pp. 102-16. ref. Dasa Pahor; Cartographic projects of national importance are often only reported on in local journals which are published in the language of the author or mapping organisation. Owing to this, important maps and map series often stay unknown outside their country of origin. A case in point is the important Carte d?Afrique on a scale of 1∶2 000 000 which, during the last decades of the nineteenth century, was compiled by the French army officer Captain Richard de R?nauld de Lannoy de Bissy. The map made an enormous contribution to the history of cartography of Africa with regard to not only the discovery and exploration of the continent, but also the expansion of colonial control and the political rivalry between European powers. It was an impressive project to be executed by one man and at the time guaranteed a prominent position for the author in geographic and cartographic circles worldwide. Although afterwards superceded by many more accurate maps, Lannoy de Bissy?s map to date remains a lasting witness to the mapping of the continent and of the fragile, hesitating progress made during the search for geographical knowledge before the advent of aerial photography and satellite imagery. Keywords: Lannoy de Bissy, French cartography, mapping of Africa, travellers, exploration, Service g?graphique de l?arm? Additional information Author information Olivier Loiseaux BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES Olivier Loiseaux is Chief Curator at the Map Department of the Biblioth?ue Nationale de France in Paris. He joined the BnF in 1990 as the curator in charge of legal deposit cartographic materials. Currently, he is in charge of the collections of the Soci??de G?graphie. He is a map librarian and a photo librarian who specializes in the nineteenth century cartography of Africa and in historical photographs. In 2011, Olivier curated the exhibition on Carnets de route d?explorateurs en Afrique (African Explorers? itineraries) at the BnF which coincided with the Twenty-fifth International Cartographic Conference (ICC 2011) of the ICA which was held in Paris from 3 to 8 June 2011. He is also a co-author of L?Afrique au c?ur, carnets d?explorateurs fran?is au XIXe si?le (Seuil/BnF, 2005). https://gallica.bnf.fr/blog/05102015/la-carte-dafrique-et-les-archives-de-lannoy-de-bissy
Last updated: Nov 14, 2018