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Number: 3547
Continent: Africa
Region: North
Place Names: Algiers, Algeria
Year of Origin: 1665 (estimated)
Title: ALGER en Afrique
Sub-Title:
Language: French
Publish Origin: Paris
Height: 37.3
Width: 54.8
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale:
Color Type: No Color
Images of this map are not yet available.
Cartographer:
Engraver: N. Lallement
Publisher:
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: 36.76
Southernmost Latitude: 36.75
Westernmost Longitude: 3.05
Easternmost Longitude: 3.06
Measurement Notes: modern estimates
Notes: [source Dasa Pahor] copper engraving;, printed in Paris to commemorate the recent conflict between the Regency of Algiers and France. This fine map details the city and harbour of Algiers as its appeared during the mid 17th Century, and was printed in Paris especially to commemorate the recent war between France and the Regency of Algiers. The main map takes in the city as a bird?s-eye view, from a southeastward-orientated perspective. The ?Explication des Lettres? labels 28 keys sites in and around the walled city, including fortifications, mosques and gates, ports facilities and key government buildings, which are all represented pictographically. The inset map, in the upper right, details the western Mediterranean, and specifically the sea route from Toulon, France?s main southern naval base and Algiers and Jijil, Algeria. Algeria had been a semi-autonomous constituent of the Ottoman Empire, under the name of the Regency of Algiers, since 1517. The local rulers had long permitted (and often abetted) the so-called ?Barbary Pirates? in capturing and enslaving Europeans throughout the Mediterranean. Throughout the 16th and 17th Centuries, Spain, and later France had launched numerous punitive expeditions against the Regency of Algiers. In 1664, Fran?is de Vendome, Duc de Beaufort (1616 - 1669) led an expedition of 5,000 men from Toulon to attack the Algerian port of Jijil (noted as ?Gigeri? on the inset map). While he captured the city, he was soon driven out by an Algerian-Turkish relief force. The following year the French conducted a naval bombardment of Algiers. This convinced the government of Regency to sue for peace with France, which was singed in 1665. The present map was engraved in Paris by ?N. Lallement,? was separately issued, and appears to be the second of two states of the map. The first state of the map features the imprint ?Pres le Palais, sur le Quay de l?Horloge, au coin de al Ruse de Harlay, ?l'Enseigne du Moulinet. Avec Privilege du Roy. 1665,? in the boy in the upper right, whereas the present second state hast he imprint erased from the plate. The map is extremely rare, we have only been able to find one example of each of the two states of the map (both at the Bibliotheque nationale de France). References: Bibliotheque nationale de France, d?artement Cartes et plans: GE D-8694.
Last updated: May 20, 2019