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Number: 3560
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names: Nigeria, Camaroon
Year of Origin: 1955
Title: Road Map of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
Sub-Title:
Language: English
Publish Origin: Lagos, Nigeria
Height: 64.0
Width: 78.5
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 1,750,000
Color Type: Full Color
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Cartographer:
Engraver:
Publisher: Lagos Federal Survey Department
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: 13.7
Southernmost Latitude: 3.67
Westernmost Longitude: 2.3
Easternmost Longitude: 14.8
Notes: [source Dasa source] NIGERIA / CAMEROON - TRANSPORTATION & COMMUNICATIONS MAP: NIGERIA ? FEDERAL SURVEY DEPARMENT. Road Map of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria / Provisional Edition. Lagos: Federal Survey Department, 1955. A large format, separately issued transportation and communications map of Nigeria (plus British Cameroon) published in Lagos by the Federal Survey Department during the twilight of the British colonial period and upon the eve of the discovery of oil, which was to transform the Nigerian economy. Colour printed map, dissected into 18 sections and mounted upon original cloth, with stamp of ?Road Map of Nigeria? to verso (Very Good, overall clean and bright, just a few minor points of discolouration and light wear along some section edges), 68 x 83 cm (27 x 32.5 inches). This rare ?provisional? transportation and communications map of Nigeria is the finest and most advanced work of its kind to have bene produced during the British colonial era, which was then in its twilight. Predicated upon the very best official mapping conducted by the highly professional Federal Survey Department, the map depicts all of Nigeria, plus ?British Cameroon?, a region in the southeast that was shortly to become part the Republic of Cameroon. The map shows that the British colonial regime had created and impressive network of roads, railways, and telecommunications systems over this vast land that then had a population of 41 million (versus today?s 200 million!). These systems set Nigeria up to take advantage to the discovery of oil, which occurred in 1956, the year after the map was issued, an event which was to utterly transform the nation?s economy. The ?References?, located in the lower right corner, features symbols to denote boundaries (both international and internal); cities, towns, villages and administrative centres of various levels; roads (both for all seasons and the dry season only); tracks; railways; post offices, telegram and telephone offices; airfields; ferries; abbreviated prefixes; lighthouses and wireless stations. Additionally, the bar below explains the colour gradients used on the map to denote elevation, up to above 9,000 feet. Also, the seas off the coasts of the country feature delineations of the submarine cables that connect Nigeria to the global communications system. The present 1955 issue of the map is labelled as a ?Provisional Edition? in the upper right margin, as important new updates that were hastily added to the printing work. While the map is overall a stellar example of transport and communications cartography, featuring key details available on no other map, the haste in which it was composed is evident in the handful of printing errors that reveal themselves upon a close examination of the work. The map is the third (and final) issue of a sequence first printed in 1950, which was updated in a 1953 second edition. The present provisional issue seems to be rarer than the 1950 and 1953 editions, which are themselves scarce. Britain established its first holding in what is today known as Nigeria when it established the Lagos Colony in 1861. Over the next two generations, Britain gradually expanded its presence over the region, forming the distinct entities of Southern (mainly Christian) and Northern (mainly Muslim) Nigeria. In 1914, all of Britain?s Nigerian territories were united into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. After years of pro-independence movements and devolutions of power to local authorities, Britain finally granted Nigeria its independence in 1960. A great curiosity showcased on the present map is the appearance of the provinces of ?Cameroons? and ?Bamenda?, in the heavily mountainous areas in the lower right quadrant of the map. At first glance, these territories seem to be part of Nigeria. However, they were never a part of Nigeria, but were distinct entities forming ?British Cameroon?, a mandate given to Britain following World War I by the League of Nations. While most of the former German colony of Kamerun was placed under French administration in 1919, a sliver of Cameroon was place under British auspices. These territories were technically to be separately governed from Nigeria, although for many administrative purposes (such as the operations of the Federal Survey Department) it was de facto treated as a part of Nigeria. As it turned out, in 1961, the people of the ?South Cameroons? (i.e. Cameroons and Bamenda provinces, as shown here) voted to join the newly independent nation of Cameroon instead of Nigeria. References: OCLC: 650457846. Transportation in Nigeria: A Bibliography (Lagos, 1975 p.25
Last updated: Aug 26, 2019