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Number: 3680
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1900 (estimated)
Title: [Arabic Script]
Language: Arabic
Publish Origin: Isanbul
Height: 30.6
Width: 40.2
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 30,000,000
Color Type: Full Color
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Cartographer: Ali Sered Pasa or Hafiz Ali Esref
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: 4.64
Southernmost Latitude:
Westernmost Longitude: 5.95
Easternmost Longitude: 49.0
Measurement Notes: modern Greenwich estimates
Notes: [source PAHOR] Arabic lithograph map of southern half of Africa; Cartographer: Ali Sered Pasa or Hafiz Ali Esref, Istanbul ? - 1907). This uncommon map of South Africa and Madagascar in Ottoman script was published in an atlas, 'Yeni cografya atlas', which was issued in Istanbul in the late 19th century. The in-set map in the lower right corner shows the Kuril Islands. The maps from this atlas are not numbered and the exact date of publication is not clear. We could only trace one example of this atlas in libraries worldwide in the University of Chicago Library. The atlas includes 41 maps and is dated in circa 1892. The maps in our descriptions are dated in 1893 and 1896. It is possible the atlas was published in revised editions with different numbers of maps. All the maps from this atlas are rare today. Not much is known about the author, who was known as Ali Seref Pasa or Hafix Ali Esref. He was a soldier, who was schooled in Paris as a cartographer around 1862. Already in Paris he published his first atlas with 22 maps, called 'Yeni atlas'. Upon his return to Istanbul he became a chief cartographer at the Maatbaa-I amire Printing Press in Beyazit, which was the successor of the Muteferrika press from 1727. Among others he translated the large Kiepert map of Anatolia to Ottoman. He died in 1907, leaving his large project of a gigantic map of Anatolia in 100 sheets unfinished. Ali's name is often misunderstood or even listed as two different people: Ali Seref Pasa and Hafiz Ali Esref. Until the surname law adopted on June 21, 1934, Turks did not have surnames. They were born with one first name and were until the adulthood described only as sons or daughters of their parent's names. Later they were given titles such as Effendi (Sir), Bey (Chief) or Hanim (Madam) for higher classes, or they were given names according to their work or class. The names were not inherited by children until 1934, when the surname law was enforced. The map maker Ali received names Seref, the honourable, and Pasa, the dignitary. He was also known as Hafiz, the memorizer of Qur'an and Esref, Proud. So Ali Seref Pasa would have a meaning 'Honourable Dignitary Ali, and Hafiz Ali Esref, Memorizer of Qur'an, Proud Ali. Daruttibaa - Matbaa-I Amire Printing Press: The first press in the Muslim world, called Daruttibaa, was founded in Istanbul by Ibrahim Muteferrika in 1727, with a permission of Sultan Ahmeet III. It was located in Muteferrika's house. The first book was published in 1729 and until 1742 sixteen other works followed. After Muteferrika's death, the press was supressed for printing, as printed books were considered dangerous. In 1796 the press was purchased by the government and moved to Uskudar in Istanbul, and in 1831 finally to Beyazit, where it was renamed to Matbaa-i Amire in 1866. The press was closed in 1901 and was reopened in 1908 under the name Mill? In 1927 the name changed to State Printing House. The press still exists and is known for publishing school and educational books.
Last updated: Nov 20, 2020