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Number: 3826
Continent: Africa
Region: East
Place Names: Zimbabwe, Rhodesia
Year of Origin: 1934
Title: Map of Rhodesia and Adjoining Territories compiled by the British South Africa Company.
Sub-Title:
Language: English
Publish Origin: London
Height: 76.0
Width: 62.5
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale:
Color Type: Full Color
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Cartographer:
Engraver:
Publisher: British South Africa Company, BSAC
Waterlow & Sons
Other Contributors:
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Notes: [Afriterra is in search for a copy of this map; Dasa Pahor and Alex Johnsion source] Colour off-set print; The British South African Company (BSAC) was a charted colonial exploitation society created in 1889, spearheaded by Cecil Rhodes, with the Duke of Abercorn and the South African financier Alfred Breit as its other principals. It was given the exclusive right by the British crown to manage all land and mining rights, as well as agriculture and infrastructure development in Rhodesia (later divided into Northern and Southern parts, today?s Zambia and Zimbabwe). Rhodes assumed that Rhodesia was home to vast goldfields in Mashonaland (present day northern Zimbabwe), while he hoped the colony could be used as base for further British expansion, taking control of the Katanga copperfields (in today?s Congo), as well as a good part of Portuguese Mozambique. It would be the keystone of Rhodes? ?Cape to Cairo? vision of British territory extending uninterrupted up the length of Africa, hopefully one day connected by a great railway. However, Belgium managed to gain control of Katanga, Portugal held on to Mozambique, while the goldfields of Mashonaland were nowhere near as productive as Rhodes had expected. The BSAC thus had to concentrate on agrarian projects and lower-intensity mining, as opposed to benefitting from a colossal mineral boom. While the areas south of the Zambezi River were developed into profitable citrus farms and ranchlands, the parts to the north were seem as less desirable, and many tracks were reserved for future development. Nevertheless, the BSAC controlled the land rights in the region for over three decades, overseeing Rhodesia?s formative years, while constructing its railway system. Reforms motivated by World World I, saw the BSAC loose it monopoly land rights south of the Zambezi in 1918 (although it would still retain its own extensive private properties there), while Rhodesia was to be divided, forming the crown colonies of Southern Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia, in 1923 and 1924 respectively. However, the BSAC retained its land rights to Northern Rhodesia under terms that were to last until 1965, while it still controlled all of the railways in both colonies. In the 1920s, the BSAC embarked upon agressively promoting Northern Rhodesia for mining, ranching and land speculation, reviving old concessions and authorizing new ones. It was in this context that the present map was commissioned be the BSAC, in 1934, to show the state of play of their operations in the Rhodesia and to promote external investment. It embraces a large section of southern Africa, with the Rhodesias in the centre, and extends south to Johannesburg, north to Katanga, west to Bechuanaland (today?s Botswana), and east to the coasts of Mozambique. The brightly coloured map labels all of the region?s infrastructure, as explained in the legend below the title, including Railways (both operating and under construction); Air Mail Routes; Mines; Motor Roads; and Aerodromes (both First Class and Others). Importantly, the map shows the flight path of the London to Cape Town Air Mail Route, a lifeline of imperial communications, which depended upon several stops at Rhodesian aerodromes. Of note, Northern Rhodesia, is shown to be divided into numerous named mineral concessions, all outlined in bright colours, seeking to exploit the region?s gold and copper deposits. The ?Key Map to the Northern Rhodesia Nopper Mines?, in the lower left corner, details the very lucrative mining the area that is an extension of the Katanga copperfields, which lay just across the border in the Belgian Congo. In Southern Rhodesia, many mines and ?citrus estates? are labelled, while the infrastructure is shown to be far more developed than in the north. In Bechuanaland (today?s Botswana), to the west, some large mining concessions are labelled. The map is also rich with other key details, including the labelling of the ?Great North Road?, the route which runs through the upper part of Northern Rhodesia, as well as noting the place ?Livingstone died here 24th May 1873?, near Musola, Northern Rhodesia. The BSAC relinquished its control of Rhodesia?s railways in 1947. In 1964, it lost its remaining rights in Northern Rhodesia, upon that country gaining its independence as Zambia. In 1965, the BSAC was dissolved upon the independence of Southern Rhodesia, which became ?Rhodesia?, an apartheid state which lasted until 1979, before becoming Zimbabwe the following year. The British South Africa Company commissioned the present map from the venerable London cartographic firm of Waterlow & Sons in several continually updated editions; we note the issues of 1929, 1932, 1933, 1934 (the present example), 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938 and 1950. The maps, which today seldom appear on the market, were originally inserted into various promotional pamphlets published by the BSAC. References: OCLC: 497791585
Last updated: Nov 19, 2020