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Number: 3870
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names: Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Jenne, Timbuktu, Guinea, Guinea Bissau,
Year of Origin: 1892
Title: Soudan Francais -- Croquis pour suivre les operations de la Campagne 1890-91 -- Lt. Colonel Archinard Commandat superieur -- Publie par ordre du Sous-Secretaire d'Etat des Colonies...
Language: French
Publish Origin: Paris
Height: 43.5
Width: 80.0
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 3,000,000
Color Type: Outline Color
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Cartographer: Louis Archinard
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: 17.5
Southernmost Latitude: 7.0
Westernmost Longitude: -18.0
Easternmost Longitude: -3.0
Measurement Notes: modern estimates
Notes: [Ruderman source] Scarce map of French Sudan, drafted to illustrate the expedition of Lieutenant Colonel Archinard in 1890 and 1891. The map includes a large inset route from Kandan to Sana and Bissandougou, traveled by Archinard, with notes along the route. Louis Archinard (1850 ? 1932) was a French Army general at the time of the Third Republic, who contributed to the colonial conquest of French West Africa. He was traditionally presented in French histories as the conqueror of French Soudan (today Mali). Archinard's campaigns brought about the end of the Tukulor Empire. He also spent a large amount of energy fighting Samory Toure. Archinard was succeeded as military commander of the Sudan in 1893 by Eugene Bonnier. Bonnier had no instructions and decided to follow Archinard's advice, use his own judgement and seize Timbuktu. He was killed on December 15, 1893 by a force of Tuaregs. In 1897, Archinard was reassigned to French Indochina. In World War I, he commanded in August 1914 the 1er Group of Reserve Divisions, and in 1917-1918 the Polish Legion in France.
Last updated: Apr 14, 2021