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Number: 390
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1753 (estimated)
Title: A new and correct Map of the Coast of Africa from Cape Blanco Lat. 20.40' to the Coast of Angola Lat. 11.S. with explanatory Notes of all the Forts and settlements belonging to the several European Powers
Sub-Title: (Inset) A Seperate Map of the Gold Coast upon a larger Scale.
Language: English
Publish Origin: London
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Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale:
Color Type: Outline Color
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Cartographer:
Engraver: Richard William Seale
Publisher: John and Paul Knapton
Malachy Postlethwayt
Other Contributors: Charles Hayes (Hays)
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Notes: from 1 of 2 source books: 1753 " Postlewayt's Universal Dictionary of Trade and Commerce:; dated 1746 "The National and Private Advantages of the African Trade Considered: Being an Enquiry , How far it concerns the Trading Interest of Great Britain, Effectually to Support and Maintain The Forts and Settlements in Africa Belonging to the Royal African Company of England.." first published 1746 to 1753; and 1744 First edition "The importance of effectually supporting the Royal African Company of England impartially consider'd; shewing that a free and open trade to Africa, and the support and preservation of the British colonies and plantations in America, depend upon maintaining the forts and settlements, rights and privileges belonging to that corporation, against the encroachments of the French, and all other foreign rivals in that trade"; variously attributed to Charles Hays (without an "e"), the mathematician Charles Hayes (1678-1760), and Malachy Postlethwayt. Having made a voyage to Africa, Hayes had a considerable reputation as a geographer, and he was chosen to be deputy-governor of the Royal African Company. He published various tracts intended to defend the company's policies. Malachy Postlethwayt, on the other hand, claimed authorship in his "Importance of the African expedition considered", 1758. The economist C. R. Fay called Postlethwayt, alongside Joshua Gee, a major "spokesman" for eighteenth-century England. His mercantilist vision emphasised the slave trade to Africa and slavery in the Caribbean as vital stimuli to development of British manufactures. He saw the importance of the Royal African Company as an instrument of the management of the "African trade," and promoted the necessity of competition with France for control of the slave trade. He is principally remembered for his monumental Universal Dictionary of Trade and Commerce, twenty years in the making before its appearance in 1750-55.
Last updated: Nov 15, 2016