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Number: 3976
Continent: Africa
Region: Central
Place Names: Angola
Year of Origin: 1931
Title: Carta-Roteiro de Angola. Propriedade Exclusiva da Tipografia Minerva Loanda.
Language: Portuguese
Publish Origin: Lisbon
Height: 105.0
Width: 95.0
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 1,500,000
Color Type: Outline Color
Images of this map are not yet available.
Cartographer: J.E. de Morim
Publisher: Tipografia Minerva (Loanda)
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude: -4.0
Southernmost Latitude: -18.3
Westernmost Longitude: 11.3
Easternmost Longitude: 24.5
Notes: [Dasa Pahor and Alex Johnson source] Colour photolithographed map, dissected into 24 sections and mounted upon original cloth, with advertisements, folding into original maroon cloth covers with title gilt debossed to front cover; Transportation & Communications Map / Early Automotive Age; A large and highly attractive map of Angola depicting the province?s transportation and communications networks in precise detail, in the clear and colourful style that flourished under Portugal?s ?Estado Novo? regime, made for the Tipografia Minerva, Angola?s leading commercial publisher, including an advertisement with a large photographic image of their premises in Luanda; the map was made to aid travelers during the early automotive age. large format map showcases Angola in vibrant colours with a very clear yet precise depiction of its transportation and communications networks, in the manner that flourished during the new ?Estado Novo? regime that governed Portugal and its overseas territories. The map was printed in Lisbon to the design of the cartographer J.E. de Morim, for the Tipografia Minerva of Luanda, Angola?s premier commercial publishing house, with the work being bound, and the advertisements printed and added, by Minerva in Luanda. T he map was made to aid travelers during what was the very early automotive age in Angola and it is certainly by far and away the best map of its kind of its era. Each of province?s districts are coloured in their own resplendent hues, while, as detailed in the ?Legenda?, in the upper right corner, are explained the symbols used to identify cities, towns, villages, country post offices, ?fazendas? (farming estates), railways (both operating and under construction), post roads (both finished and in progress), rural paths, post offices, bridges, portages, Christian missions, hotels, restaurants, inns, gas stations, car repair shops, telegraph offices, and telephone and radio stations. Impressively, every section of road is accompanied by the precise marking of kilometric distances between notable points. Notably, the map charts the routes of the country?s three separate (not interconnected) railway systems, being the Luanda-Malange Railway, which ran into the interior from the province?s capital; the Benguela Railway, which ran from the central coast across the country to the border with the Belgian Congo; and the Mo?medes Railway, which ran into the interior from the south coast. Tipografia Minerva was an extremely prolific and successful commercial publisher in Luanda, printing everything from business cards to full length illustrated books. While it was still financially advantageous to have the present map printed in Lisbon, the work was bound in Luanda by Minerva, which also included advertisements, printed in green-scale, with one featuring a large photographic image of the Minerva printshop, located on the ?Largo Minerva? in Luanda. While the map is not dated, the year of its production is noted in the January 1932 issue of the Boletim Geral das Colónias; moreover, a note on the bottom margin of the map concerns a piece of information current as of 1930. T he Estado Novo regime (1926-74) that ruled Portugal and its overseas territories was led most of the time by the dictator António de Oliveira Salazar (1889 ? 1970), an economics professor. While he presided over a conservative autocracy with a lamentable human rights record (especially in the African colonies), he revolutionized and modernized Portugal?s imperial bureaucracy, valueing science, statistics, mapping and data visualization. This, combined with the prevailing international movements of Art Deco and Mid-Century design, produced graphic works throughout the Portuguese lands that, like the present map, feature bright colour schemes, while imparts technical or scientific information in a precise, but visually crisp manner. References: British Library: Cartographic Items Maps X.2882., OCLC: 240226969; Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal: C.C. 56 R. and C.C. 214 R.; Boletim Geral das Colónias, ano VIII, no. 79 (Janeiro de 1932), pp. 231-232.
Last updated: Mar 11, 2022