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Number: 3992
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: South Africa
Year of Origin: 1902
Title: JOHNSTON'S SPECIAL MAP OF SOUTH AFRICA, 1902
Sub-Title:
Language: English
Publish Origin: Edinbourgh
Height: 60.1
Width: 79.3
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 2,682,240
Color Type: Full Color
Images of this map are not yet available.
Cartographer:
Engraver:
Publisher: W. & A.K. Johnston
Other Contributors: Alexander Keith Johnston
William Johnston
Northernmost Latitude: -20.0
Southernmost Latitude: -34.5
Westernmost Longitude: 14.0
Easternmost Longitude: 34.3
Measurement Notes: on map
Notes: [Curtis Wright source] Lithographed on linen; With the Zulu claims in Natal, The Cape Peninsula was the economic and industrial center of Dutch and then British South Africa beginning with European colonization until the end of the 19th century. It was then that large gold fields were found in the interior of the country, prompting British officials to exert political pressure on the regional inhabitants including the Koisan, Hottentot, Zulu, and ? the Boers. These settlers of Dutch ancestry had already made ?The Great Trek? into the interior of South Africa around 1830, and they would strongly resist any encroachments on their two quasi-independent territories, the Transvaal and Orange Free State, established in the victory of the First Boer War (1880-1881). Because the Boers were landlocked, the British were able to easily impose economic sanctions while sending in uitlanders (foreigners) to change the political landscape in favor of a federation with the British. Tensions escalated, and the Boers struck first, winning a number of battles in the first year of the conflict. But the British military began to slowly churn, and ultimately sent nearly 500,000 troops to suppress the <90,000 Boers. Britain officially annexed the two colonies in 1900, but guerrilla war waged for another 2 years as the Boers refused to surrender outright. In response, the British set up a series of blockhouses, made extensive use of barbed wire, and forced local residents into concentration camps, killing thousands from disease and starvation. The episode in imperialist history is revisited in full display on this map, which was published the same year a treaty was signed, officially accepting British sovereignty. Insets of the Cape and Port Natal reflect the importance of these ports to British resupply, while the string of blockhouses used to corral the Boer populace can be seen in blue. An additional inset map of the entire continent shows the various colonial holdings of all European powers, especially the distinctive red of the British Empire.
Last updated: Apr 25, 2022