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Number: 4013
Continent: Africa
Region: Continent
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1895
Title: [Arabic] [Yeni cografya atlasi / The New Geographic Atlas
Sub-Title:
Language: Arabic
Publish Origin: Istanbul
Height: 29.7
Width: 39.65
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Scale: 1 : 30,000,000
Color Type: Outline Color
Images of this map are not yet available.
Cartographer: Ali Seref Pasa or Hafiz Ali Esref
Engraver:
Publisher: Ali Seref Pasa or Hafiz Ali Esref
Matbaa-i Amire [Imperial Military Press]
Other Contributors: Ibrahim MUTEFERRIKA (1674 - 1745)
Hasan Ferid
Northernmost Latitude:
Southernmost Latitude:
Westernmost Longitude:
Easternmost Longitude:
Notes: Donation from Dasa Pahor and Alex Johnson source; single sheet, Continent Map#6 from disbound atlas; First Lithographed Folio Atlas, Printed in the Ottoman Empire; Folio, 42 chromolithographed double-paged maps. First folio atlas, lithographed in the Muslim world T his atlas is rare to find in a complete form, was the first lithographed folio atlas in the Muslim world. Published by the Istanbul press Matbaa-i Amire, it is an excellent result of the influence of French cartography on the Ottoman World. The atlas includes the following 42 double-page chromolithographed maps: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 28 Solar system, 4 projections of the Earth Globe, Europe Maps of the World, Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Oceania, Anatolia, T he Balkans, Greece, Austro-Hungary, Italy, Iberian Peninsula, European Russia, Germany, 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. France, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Denmark (2 full-page maps), T he Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg, Great Britain, Persia and the Near East, Russia, China and Korea, Korea and Japan, South-East Asia, India, T he Middle East, North-West part of Africa, South part of Africa with Madagascar, Canada, T he United States, Central America, T he Caribbean, Australia, East part of the Black Sea, T he Adriatic Sea, Part od the East Mediterranean with Anatolia and Cyprus on the north and the Nile Delta on the South, West Part of the Black Sea, North Coast of Libya, Levant. (the last 6 maps join in a wall map, embracing the area of eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea ) T he maps are based on the contemporary French cartography. Printed between 1307 and 1311 AH (1891-1895 AD), as dated in the cartouches, the information on the maps does not entirely match neither the index on the back cover (listing only 40 maps) neither the date on the cover 1307-1309 AH (1891-1893 AD), which indicates, that this atlas was a long-term and probably partly improvised project. Maps were possibly also sold separately to raise money, as we have encountered maps from this series which were probably never bound. Ali Seref Pasa, The Pioneer of the Modern Ottoman Cartography, The author Ali seref was a soldier and map-maker, who was sent by the Ottoman government around 1862 to Paris, with a goal to learn the skills of the modern cartography and the technique of modern lithography in colour. In 1869, Ali, when still a student in Paris, published his first atlas, Yeni Atlas or the New Atlas (signed on the maps, This work with 22 maps in folio format, lithographed in bright colours, with decorative Ottoman lettering, is the first modern Ottoman lithographed atlas and together with its printing technique a foundation for all the Ottoman atlases following. Upon his return to Istanbul, Ali seref became a chief cartographer at the Matbaa-i Amire, a printing press in Beyazit, which was the successor of the Muteferrika press from 1727. Ali introduced lithograph as a printing technique for cartographic sources to Istanbul and in the following years commissioned a series of maps in folio format, which were issued in another large format atlas Yeni, The New Geographic Atlas), making his Paris-based knowledge available in the Ottoman Empire. Ali seref's most famous late project was a 100 sheet map of Anatolia, which he based on the Heinrich Kiepert's map of the same area. When Ali died in 1907, the project remained unfinished. Separate sheets of the wall map were sold and today scarcely appear on the market. Ali Seref, who is in our atlas signed in the texts in the cartouches, is possibly identical with another Ottoman cartographer Hafiz Ali Esref as signed in the Paris published Yeni Atlas. Until the surname law adopted on June 21, 1934 Turks did not have surnames. They were born with one first name and were until the adulthood described only as sons or daughters of their parent's names. Later they were given titles such as Effendi (Sir), Bey (Chief) or Hanum (Madam) for higher classes, or they were given names according to their work or class. The names were not inherited by children until 1934, when the surname law was enforced. T he map maker Ali with years received names Seref, the honourable, and Pasa, the dignitary. He was also known as Hafiz, the memorizer of Qur'an, and Esref, proud. So Ali & seref Pasa would have a meaning of Honourable Dignitary Ali, and Hafiz Ali Esref, Memorizer of Qur'an Proud Ali. The names seref and Esref are both based on the same Arabic three letter root. Daruttıbaa - Matbaa-i Amire Printing Press T he first press in the Muslim world, called Daruttibaa, was founded in Istanbul by Ibrahim Muteferrika in 1727, with a permission of Sultan Ahmet III. It was located in Muteferrika's house. The first book was published in 1729 and until 1742 sixteen other works followed. After Muteferrika's death the press was suppressed for printing, as printed books were considered dangerous. In 1796 the press was purchased by the government and moved to Uskudar in Istanbul, and in 1831 finally to Beyazit, where it was renamed to Matbaa-i Amire in 1866. T he press was closed in 1901 and was reopened in 1908 under the name Milli In 1927 the name changed to State Printing House. The press still exists and is known for publishing school and educational books. Note on Rarity As maps from this atlas appear on the market, examples of the atlas with complete set of 40 maps and a cover in a good condition are exceedingly rare. We could only trace one institutional example (David Rumsey Map Collecition) References: Osmanlı cografya literaturu tarihi. History of Geographical Literature during the Ottoman Period, 2000, pp. 378, 380; scale measured on 10 degrees centered lattitude.
Last updated: Jun 23, 2022