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Number: 458
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names: Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Rio Grand, Bulama Island, Sherbro Island,
Year of Origin: 1795
Title: Nautical map intended for the use of colonial undertakings on the W. Coast of Africa from Lat. 5'30 to Lat. 14. N. but more particularly those of Sierra Leona and the Island of Bulama
Sub-Title: Respectfully dedicated to the Humane and disinterested Promoters of those and similar Establishments
Language: English
Publish Origin: London
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Size Class.: Large
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Color Type: No Color
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Cartographer: Carl Bernhard Wadstrom
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Notes: Framed; from Book 358; Slave trade sites; Wadstrom was a Swedish engineer, industrial spy, traveller and abolitionist (1746-1799).Wadstr?, a native of Stockholm, trained at the Uppsala mining school and first entered Swedish service as an engineer, then in 1767-69 directed the construction of the Trollh?te canal. In 1770 he went to Avesta, where he was appointed to build the first Swedish rolling mill for copper sheet. He soon "became a successful industrial spy in Germany for the Eskilstuna ironworks" (Howgego I, p. 1086) and made numerous trips abroad, including one to Solingen in 1774, where he studied the craft of the local gunsmiths, some of whom he tried to lure into Swedish service. In 1776 he made a tour of European ironworks, and two years later he established the first Swedish factory for surgical instruments. As early as 1769 he was made superintendent of the copper mines at ?vidaberg. "His competence was quickly recognized by the Swedish King Gustaf III who appointed him as chief director of the Royal Assay and Refining Office. Although his job was to ensure the purity of these precious metals in Sweden, he was drawn into fanciful plots to produce gold by alchemy in order to flood the world markets. Strongly influenced by many of the radical thinkers of the day, Wadstr? developed a prejudice against commerce and commercial men. Instead of trying to bring about the downfall of the gold standard by alchemical means, Wadstr? and his friends strove to replace gold as a currency with corn and other more useful goods. In 1786 he visited London and made some influential acquaintances" (ibid.). Inspired by the Swedenborgian tenets which proclaimed the superior enlightenment of Africans, Wadstr? had in 1779 founded a society in Nork?ping which sought to establish a colony in Africa built on agricultural trade as an alternative to slavery. His misson to Senegal, Guinea and Sierra Leone, financed by King Gustaf in hopes that Sweden might profit from such a venture, proved the turning point towards his future career: upon his return in 1788 he relocated to England, there becoming a central figure in the abolition movement and giving evidence of the horrors of slavery to the British Privy Council and a House of Commons committee. The famous cross-section of a slave ship published in his "Essay on Colonization" (1794); Carl Bernard Wadstr? (1746?99) is known as the Swedish philanthropist and Swedenborgian (New Church) who played a central role in the British abolition movement. In 1787 the Swedish King Gustav III sent Wadstr?, together with twio other Swedes; Carl Axel Arrhenius and Anders Sparrman, to Guinea to investigate the possibility of establishing a Swedish West African colony. On Wadstr?'s return he stayed in England to attend a Swedenborgian conference and was drawn into the current English antislavery campaign. He then established contact with leading abolitionists Thomas Clarkson, Granville Sharp and William Wiberforce. In 1789 he published "Observations on the slave trade" and in 1794?95 he issued "An Essay on Colonization" in which he exposed the cruelties of slavery and claimed that the Africans were worth more as trading partners and wage labourers than as slaves. The work won much recognition around Europe. In 1795 he moved to Paris where he was made an honourary citizen. He also became a leading member of the French abolition society Les Amis de Noir et des Colonies
Last updated: Nov 28, 2019