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Number: 74
Continent: Africa
Region: West
Place Names:
Year of Origin: 1596
Title: Typus orarum maritimarum Guineae, Manicongo & An: golae ultra promontorium Bonae Spei usq,; cum umnib9 Portubus, Insulis, Scopulis, pulvinis, & Vadis, veraq la; titudine Oceani Aethiopici ab ortu m occasum ad Fer; nambucum & promont: S. Augustini in ora Brasiliensi, vergentis: una cum eiusdem oceani Insulis praecipue vero S. Thoma, S. Helena, Insula Ascensionis, multisq, alijs, earumque genuino tractu: accurate omnia ex op: timis Indicis tabulis hydrographicis decerpta & emendt.
Sub-Title: Afbeesdmghe der custen des landts Guinea, Manicongo, ende Angola, ende voorts tot voorby de C. de boa esperanca: mer alle de havenen, eylanden, clippe, droochren, ende ondiepten, mer de gheheele breede des Aethiopischen Oceani, de welcke vanden oosten na den westen tot Fernambuco en C. de S. Augustino (aen de custen van Brisil gheseghen) is streckende : midts-gaders alle de eylanden der sesver, als voornamclrjck S. Thome, S. Helena, d'eylandt Acemcaon ghent, ende andere meer, mer de waerachtighe streckinghe van dien, alles seer cor: rec telnck, gherrocken en na d'allerheste Indische pascaerren oversien en verbt.
Language: Latin
Publish Origin: Amsterdam
Height: 38.5
Width: 55.0
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Medium
Color Type: Full Color
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Cartographer: H Huygen van Linschoten
Engraver: Arnold Florent Langren
Other Contributors: Bernard Paludanus
Northernmost Latitude: 8.0
Southernmost Latitude: -35.0
Westernmost Longitude: -35.0
Easternmost Longitude: 24.0
Measurement Notes: modern estimates in Greenwich prime
Notes: Framed copper-plate engraving, hand colored in Amsterdam; from the 1596 first edition of Linschoton's "Itinerario.." This was the first work to provide detailed instructions on how to sail to Africa and the Indies. Among other contributions, Linschoten was instrumental in pointing out the importance of Java to the trade in the Indies. In the first book, Linschoten wrote down his own experiences in the East Indies. It became one of the most consulted accounts of the sailing routes to the East Indies and the Portuguese establishments in India, indonesia and southeast Asia. The second book provides sailing directions for the East Indies, Brazil and the West Indies. The third book describes the coast of Africa and South Atlantic navigation, with a detailed account on Brazil. The fourth book is a summary of all the rents, domains and taxes collected by the kingdoms of Spain and Portugal in their colonies. Linschoten served 6 years as the bookkeeper for the Archbishop of Goa (1583-89). While in Goa, as a result of his position, Linschoten had access to secret information, including the nautical maps that were well guarded for over a century. Misusing the trust in him, he began meticulously copying these maps. In 1587, the Archbishop of Goa died while on a trip to Lisbon to report to the King of Portugal, ending Linschoten's stay in Goa. He set sail for Lisbon in January, 1589, passing by the Portuguese supply depot at St. Helena island in May 1589. Linschoten was "one of the pathfinders for the first Dutch voyages to the East" (Schilder, p. 195). He was in the service of the Portuguese as Secretary to the Portuguese Archbishop of Goa in India from 1583 to 1589. Here, he had access to many Portuguese portolans as well as other valuable commercial information, especially as Goa at this time was the commercial and political center for the Portugal Empire in the East. Van Linschoten left Goa for home in January 1589. On the way to Portugal, his ship was pursued by an English fleet and lost its cargo in a storm while anchored off the Azores. After the loss of the cargo, Van Linschoten was persuaded to stay and help recover it; he spent two years on Tercera, working and preparing his notes from Goa. Van Linschoten eventually arrived in Lisbon early in 1592, and then sailed home to The Netherlands. His account of his experiences is one of the most important travel works of the period. [source Map House, London]; (see east half map #879);
Last updated: Apr 9, 2022