Map Details      Question or Comment about this Map?
 
Number: 902
Continent: Africa
Region: South
Place Names: Transvaal, Griqualand, Orange Free State, Witwaterstrand,
Year of Origin: 1878
Title: Map of the Transvaal and the Surrounding Territories compiled from all the available official and private information and the latest observations and exploring Routes of C. Mauch, E Mohr, A Hubner, T Baines, V V Erskine, Capt. Elton, Col Colley, Capt. Bawden, R T Hall, Dr. E Cohen &c combined with his own observations during Fifteen Years residence in the country by F. Jeppe, F.R.G.S
Sub-Title:
Language: English
Publish Origin: Pretoria
Height: 54.0
Width: 57.2
Units: centimeters
Size Class.: Large
Scale: 1 : 1,850,000
Color Type: Outline Color
Click for high-resolution zoomable image
Cartographer: Frederick A Jeppe
Engraver: Edward Weller
Publisher: S. W. Silver
Other Contributors:
Northernmost Latitude:
Southernmost Latitude:
Westernmost Longitude:
Easternmost Longitude:
Notes: Includes table of Postal Routes; see book 2115 RGS extract w similar 1st edtion map dated 1877; Separately issued 2nd Edition 18 sections on linen with board; In 1835 to 1837 the Great Trek led thousands of the Dutch decendents or Boers from the British controlled Cape Colony to lands north and east of the Orange River, and then further across the Vaal River. There they established the Transvaal, which was recognized as independent by the British in 1852. The lands south of the Vaal River became the independent Orange Free State two years later. In 1871 , Kimberly was founded and became the center of the diamond industry in Griqualand West, which had been ruled by a Griqua chief under authority of the Orange Free State. Shortly thereafter, the British annexed Griqualand West, despite protests of the Boers. In 1877 , despite a treaty granting its independence, the Transvaal was also annexed by the British. In 1880 to 1881, this led to a revolt by the Boers and the Treaty of Pretoria granting them their freedom. This map shows the Transvaal, Orange Free State and Griqualand West during the period of this turmoil. The conflict between the British and Boers was not settled until the Boer War of 1899 to 1902. Other editions: Map # 1466 publishe in Johannesburg by G.A. Troye is a larger edition, d.1889 124x128 cm, on 24 panels each measuring 20x32cm, mounted on canvas. This important map is the first major map to show the name Johannesburg, and incorporates vignette maps including the Witwatersrand and De Kaap Goldfields, including an index of mining leases. [An extra index appeared in other editions providing a complete listing of all the farms in the South African Republic at the outbreak of the Boer war, and as such forms a unique reference, the Marriott index]. See also the third version, (map #1464) Pretoria, S. A. Republic 1899, set of the 6 sheets on linen, Scale 1:476,000 Lithographed by Wurster Randegger & Cie (J. Schlumpf) Winterthur Switzerland, published by Edward Stanford, London, 1899; In 1835 the Great Trek led thousands of the earlier Dutch descendants or Boers from the British controlled Cape Colony to migrate to the eastern frontier across the Orange River and Vaal Rivers. There they established the Orange Free State and the Transvaal, which was recognized as independent by the British in 1852. Despite a treaty granting independence, the Orange Free State, Griqualand, and the Transvaal were annexed by the British by 1877. This extensive map shows that region in fine detail during the period of this turmoil. The map was used by both sides in the conflict which was not settled until the Boer War of 1899 to 1902. Frederick Jeppe emigrated from Germany in 1861 and began his carrier as a postmaster and later as cartographer. In 1868 Jeppe, with the help of Alexander A.B. Merensky, compiled an ?Original map of the Transvaal or South African Republic ?on a scale of 1:1 850 000, published as an annexure in ?Petermann's Geographische Mitteilungen ?(1868, Vol. 24). It was the first topographic map of the territory compiled locally from farm diagrams and other information. The 1878 revision here is greatly enlarged and expanded and notable as it includes a table of Postal Routes. This map was the first map of the Transvaal to show topographical detail and was the crowning achievement of nineteenth century South African cartography. It highlighted the Petermann/German cartographic influence in the Transvaal as opposed to the British cartographic influence in other parts of the Colony.
Last updated: Nov 1, 2015